illegal or unethical acts involving usurpation of power by government officials or illegal, unethical acts perpetuated against the government by outsiders seeking to make a political statement, undermine the government or overthrow it Property crimes: burglary, private property, motor vehicle theft, larceny theft ($50 or more) arsonPrimary deviance: the initial act of rule breaking Punishment: any action designed to deprive a person of things of value, because of some offense the person is thought to have committed Secondary deviance:deviance that occurs when a person who has been labeled a deviant accepts that mew identity and continues deviant behavior Social bond theory: the proposition that the probability of a deviant behavior increases when a person’s ties to society is weakenedoReckless and Hirschi- "Restraint" Theories oThey Believe your born criminal oHirschi:oAttachment: seek approval oCommitment- to conventional lines of action (how you live your life)
oInvolvement- bored gets you in trouble people need to keep conventional activitiesEx: Homework is the only way to stop criminal acts oBeliefs- in the legitimacy of values and normsoMost criminals still believe kicking a lady is wrong Social control: systematic practices that social groups develop in order to encourage conformity to norms, rules, laws and to discourage devianceoInternal– internalized beliefs (comes through socialization) oExternal– sanctioned by others Very powerfulEx: chaperones, proctors oFormal – Police, Court and Correction systems oInformal– Family, Friends, General Publicstrain theory: the proposition that people feel strain when they are exposed to cultural goals that they are unable to obtain because they do not have access to culturally approved means of achieving those goals oGoals and Means (Robert Merton) Merton says that if you have the goal and mean then you are conforming oGoal – Everybody craves the American Dream (or something similar) oInnovation:is crime, is a rational response to blocked meansSome criminal acts are a rational responseEx: A mom is dying but son doesn’t have money to pay for med so he has to rob. Terrorism: the calculated, unlawful use of physical force or threats of violence against a person or property in order to intimidate or coerce a government organization or individual for the purpose of gaining some political, religions, economic or social objective tertiary deviance: deviance that occurs when a person who has been labeled a deviant seeks to normalize the behavior by relabeling it non deviant victimless crimes: crimes involving a willing exchange of illegal good s or services among adults Violent crimes: actions involve- murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault involving forces orthreat of force against others
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- Fall '16
- Sociology, person, ex, Erving Goffman, Goffman’s term