were scared of Catholics. They saw the Catholics as people who were lead by a dictator (the pope). They thought the pope was trying to take over the US government. oPolitical Radicals-They came from Europe. They were anarchists and communists. Their were few but they made their presence known. III. Cities- in 1865 the us population was about 31 million. In 1915 the us population is 92 million. Populations was pretty much doubling. City populations was increasing 700% (seven times). In 1900 1/3 of the population lived in a city or large town. In 1920 the us census said that the us was an urban nation. just over half of the population lived in a city. As these cities grew so much the infrastructure was not adequate for this many people. The transportation system could never keep up. •A. New Nature of cities•B. Problems- horse poop in city streets. Garbage in the streets. People would raise the livestock in a back alley. Health conditions in American cities back terrible. By the end of the 19th century 25% of children died before they reached the age of 5. There is a fear among Americans in the 19th century that parents had raised their kids on there farm. Then they met someone in another farm. They stayed in the area and they farmed. Then they had kids and raised their kids on the farm and the cycle continued. By this time the popular culture looked down on farmers. And looked to the cities. They saw the farmers as hayseeds and clodhoppers. IV. Closing of the Western frontier- historically Americans had the idea of manifest destiny. ( it was gods plan that people of western European descent would settle the west) In 1890 the census showed that white Americans had populated the US from coast to coast. Mining operators and mining town sprung up in the west. Also after the civil war cattle ranches went out west. What cattle ranchers did out west was a extension of industrialization. They would go out west for the cows to feed and grow. Then they would load the cows on to rail cars and bring them to major cities such as Chicago. They would butcher the cows in Chicago then load them into refrigerated rail cars and ship them any where in the us.
Changes In Society14:06•B. Confronting Indians- The in great plains there were already Indians living there. They survived on buffalo. They used every part of the buffalo. Their economy centered on the buffalo. And inevitably the whites and the Indians would cross paths. The initial solution was this was a geographic problem. A reservation system. The idea was that the Indians would be assigned a reserved area of the great plains and the Indians would stay on their reservation and the ranchers would not go no to the reservation. One problem was the treaty system. The us had problems signing the treaty with the Indians. Fundamentally this could not work because the economy of the Indians centered on the buffalo. And the buffalo were migratory animals. The reservation system was just not going to work. Was starts to happen is the US