{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Chapter 4

Causes intrinsic motivation to diminish simply pay

Info iconThis preview shows pages 8–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
→ causes intrinsic motivation to diminish - simply pay fairly, and allow one’s intrinsic motivation to guide performance Increasing Intrinsic Motivation (Kenneth Thomas) 4 Key rewards that inc. Intr. Motivation: Sense of Choice (select what one will do, perform the way one thinks best, use own judgment) Sense of Competence (feeling of accomplishment for doing good job/carrying out challenging tasks) Sense of Meaningfulness (pursue worthwhile tasks, feel good that what they’re doing matters) Sense of Progress (feeling of accomplishment that one’s making progress, spending time wisely) 4 sets of behaviours managers can use to build Intr. rewards for employees: Leading for Choice (empower employees, delegate tasks) Leading for Competence (support, coach employees)
Background image of page 8

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
P ART 2: S TRIVING FOR P ERFORMANCE Leading for Meaningfulness (inspire employee, model desired behaviours) Leading for Progress (monitor, reward employees) MOTIVATING EMPLOYEES THROUGH REINFORCEMENT operant conditioning = desired voluntary behaviour leads to a reward or prevents a punishment (Skinner) - pleasing consequences to follow certain behaviours → inc. frequency of behaviour - rewards are most effective when they immediately follow the desired behaviour - if a behaviour is not +vely reinforced, probability of that behaviour repeating↓ Methods of Shaping Behaviour positive reinforcement = following a response w/ sth pleasant e.g. manager praises employee for job well done negative reinforcement = following a response by termination/withdrawal of sth unpleasant e.g. instructor asks a question and student looks thru her lecture notes to avoid being called on punishment = causing unpleasant condition to eliminate undesirable behaviour e.g. manager gives employee a 2-day suspension from work w/o pay for showing up drunk extinction = eliminating any reinforcement that’s maintaining a behaviour e.g. instructor ignores students who raise their hands to ask questions. hand-raising becomes extinct. Schedules of Reinforcement continuous reinforcement intermittent reinforcement = desired behaviour is reinforced often enough to make the behaviour worth repeating, but not every time it’s demonstrated - promote more resistance to extinction → Ratio Schedules: depend on how many responses made reinforced after giving a certain # of a certain behaviour → Interval Schedules: depend on how much time has passed since the previous reinforcement reinforced on 1 st appropriate behavior after a particular time has elapsed Reinforcement Schedule Nature of Reinforcement Effect on Behaviour e.g. Continuous Reward given after each desired behaviour Fast learning of new behaviour Rapid extinction compliments Fixed -Interval Reward given at fixed time intervals Average, irregular performance Rapid extinction weekly paycheques Variable -Interval Reward given at variable time intervals Moderately high, stable performance Slow extinction
Background image of page 9
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page8 / 10

causes intrinsic motivation to diminish simply pay fairly...

This preview shows document pages 8 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online