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questions exam 1

People are motivated to behave in ways that restore

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Equity theory is when any perceived inequity becomes a motivating state of mind. People are motivated to behave in ways that restore or maintain equity in situations. The basic foundation is social comparison. A key issue in this comparison is “fairness”. There are two predictions that can happen which are Felt negative prediction, that is when the individual feels he has received relatively less than others in proportion to work inputs; and the other is Felt positive inequity, that is when the individual feels he has received relatively more than others have. The expectancy theory is when a person is motivated to the degree that he/she believes in expectancy, instrumentality, and valence. This theory also says that motivation, expectancy, instrumentality, and valence are related. Each variable are going to affect the motivation of a person, so the expectancy, instrumentality and valence can’t be 0 or less because then the motivation will be negative. Schema and script Script schema is a knowledge framework that describes the appropriate sequence of events in a given situation. Self-schema contains information about a person’s own appearance, behavior, and personality. Person schema is the way individuals sort others in categories, such as types or groups, in terms of similar perceived features. Person-in-situations schemas combine schemas built around persons and events. The relationship between attitudes, emotions, and moods Moods: Generalized positive or negative feelings or states of mind.
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