Cumberland gap in 1869, born in North Carolina and migrated westward as a trailblazer Andrew Jackson- left S. Carolina where he was born to go to Tennessee, war hero: War of 1812, and eventually became president Davy Crockett- born in the Carolinas and migrated to Tennessee, served in congress and killed at the Alamo People that followed them known as hillbillies: people who followed the trailblazers out onto the frontier, would build log cabins, burn trees down to clear the lands, made moonshine and whiskey, feuded with their neighbors, when civilization got too close to them they pushed further into the frontierLeft a legacy of wasteful agricultural practices James Fenimore Cooper- Wasty Ways of the American Pioneero“nextridgesyndrome”- if the land doesn’t work out, they would just move out further into the West oContinued to push these traits/ characteristics out into the West- major settlements followed in their wake- continued to gobble up more Western land oThomasJefferson(1801-1809)- looked Westward, believed it was important for Americans to look westward rather than Eastward in establishing trade relations with EuropeLouisianaPurchase- purchased 820,000 miles of square land for the Americans; doubled the size of the US Jefferson developed townships and ranges; Jefferson’s America spread out after the land was purchasedRapid expansion westwardMountain men- wanted to get away from civilization, liked to live in the wilderness, tried to make a living off of furbearing animals Trading center was St. Louis—takeoff point of the fur trade (1820s-1840s)Jim Bridger (1804-1881)- set up the framework for the mass migrations of people to10/7/15Toward the Early Preservation MovementRailways brought people to the West- railroads and waterways connected the United States Pike ExpeditionMountain man overview-
oMaking their way to Saint Louis, Missouri- Western most point of settlement at that pointoBeaver population depleted in this area, realized that they would have to settle even further west to make a livingoBeaver in huge demand- trapped and hunted to extinction- because of beaver pelts/ hatsoTrailblazers/ trappers/ mountain men Rendezvous system- trading companies set up their centers in Saint Louis, during the rivers they would send up boats to the mountain men permanently living in the high country and they would have a big party and trade itemso1820s- 1840s oBrought Yankee capitalism to that part of the worldoMore knowledge of the American west learned at the rendezvousThe Overland trails (Oregon, Santa Fe)Waterways and the Iron Horse- waterway transportation developed in the late 1700s, early 1800soIn the east there were lots of big rivers, canals and waterways built oErie Canal- connected all the Great Lakes with New York oBuilt to increase transportation, trade and commerce oNational roads became a new development oRailroads built more or less by private capital- new way of transportation during the 1900s, better than waterways because they could be built anywhere where technology
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