47 Answers in this band will show a reasonable to good knowledge and

47 answers in this band will show a reasonable to

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4−7 Answers in this band will show a reasonable to good knowledge and understanding of one or two disadvantages of using laboratory experiments in sociological research. There will be one or two applications of relevant material, e.g. it is often necessary for participants to be unaware of the aims of the experiment but this means they cannot give informed consent. There will be some basic analysis. 1−3 Answers in this band will show limited knowledge and little or no understanding of the question or the material. There will be limited focus on the question, e.g. there may be some drift into the disadvantages of field experiments. There will be limited or no analysis. 0 No relevant points. Indicative content Answers may include the following and/or other relevant points: Ethical problems, e.g. informed consent, vulnerability of/harm to participants Lack of representativeness due to small scale Lack of validity 8
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MARK SCHEME – A-LEVEL SOCIOLOGY – 7192/3R – JUNE 2018 Experiments’ positivist assumptions fail to recognise humans have free will. Unsuitability for investigating open systems/lack of control over multiplicity of variables Unsuitability for studying past events Difficulties matching control and experimental groups’ characteristics exactly Experimenter bias/expectancy effect Sources may include the following or other relevant ones: Charkin et al; Durkheim; Harvey and Slatin; Keat and Urry; Mason; Mayo; Milgram; Rosenthal and Fode; examples of natural science experiments. 9
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MARK SCHEME – A-LEVEL SOCIOLOGY – 7192/3R – JUNE 2018 Qu Marking guidance Total marks 06 Applying material from Item C and your knowledge, evaluate the advantages of using structured interviews in sociological research. 20 Item C Structured interviews are a relatively cheap way of studying a sample. Positivist sociologists favour structured interviews because they produce reliable data that can be used to test hypotheses. However, critics argue that structured interviews are inflexible and that their results lack validity. Marks Level Descriptors 17−20 Answers in this band will show sound, conceptually detailed knowledge of a range of relevant material relating to the advantages of using structured interviews in sociological research. Sophisticated understanding of the question and of the presented material will be shown. Appropriate material will be applied accurately and with sensitivity to the issues raised by the question. Analysis and evaluation will be explicit and relevant. Evaluation will be closely related to the specific practical, ethical and theoretical advantages of structured interviews identified in the answer, and may consider the inter-relationship between practical, ethical and/or theoretical aspects. Analysis will show clear explanation.
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  • Summer '19
  • Maria Yvonne Dy

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