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School of Arab Studies at Sao Paolo University.oLebanese School in 1900, Sarah Shahine School 1914, Atlassiyah School 1919, al-Wataniyah School for Science & Literature 1919, Saint-Mikhail 1922 etc. Newspapers & magazines: al-Fayhaa (1895), al-Raqib (1897), al-Asmahi (1897) etc. Spain was ruled by Arabs at one point. (link between Arabs & Latin Americans)Poets & writers:oShafic Maalouf, Riyad Maalouf.oRachid al-Khouri (Batroun)When he grew older, he wanted to go back to his country (patriotic)1Al-Rabitah al-Qalamiyah - Pen Association in the USANo effort to establish Arab schools like in Latin America.oMore of a melting pot & integration into English.Arabic newspapers & magazines:oKawkab America(1891)Pattern of rise & decline of Arab press in the Americas with first generation that knows Arabic, & then disappearance with second generation.Most important names of Arab Pen Association: Khalil Gibran- Nadra Haddad - Abdel Massih Haddad - Mikhail Neimi, Eliyyaa Abu Madi.Amin RihanioWas active at the time but not a member of the association.Both Gibran & Rihani are commemorated as great American writers who contributed to the rapprochement of East & West.oRihani -> The Book of Khalid, Gibran -> The Prophet. 1Postwar Arabic Literature (after 1945)Abbas Mahmud al-Aqqad oEgyptian writer.Badr Shakir al-SayyaboPoet from Iraq.oWrote poem "Song of Rain" -> Inshoudat al-matar. Bisharah al-Khouri (al-Akhtal al-Saqhir – Akhtal Jr)oLebanese poet, called "The Prince of Poets"Salamah MusaoEgyptian journalisnt & novelist, wrote travel books.Khalil Mutran oLebanese poet who lived in Egypt.Khalil BaydasoOne of the most well known Palestinian writers, wrote 63 books. Salah Abd al –SaburoModern poet of Egypt.
Tawfik al-HakimNajib MahfuzoEgyptian novelist who wrote about 60 novels (comparable to Charles Dickens) Ihsan abdel KuddusTawfiq Yusuf AwadYusuf IdrisoJournalist, novelist.Jabra Ibrahim JabraoWrote strange novels like Franz Kafka fetishizing contemporary Arab predicament. Emil HabibioPalestinian, wrote novels in Arabic .Amin MaaloufoLebanese writer who moved to France (wealthy due to novels) oModern age "Georgie Zeidan" Said AkloLast of the classical poets.