Everything and every problem serves society in some

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Everything and every problem serves society in some way and maintains balance Symbolic interactionalist  Generalizes everyday social interaction to explain society as a whole Conflict theorist Someone is profiting from a problem, creating conflict or tension Terms Sociological imagination Awareness of the relationship between a person and the rest of society, both past and  present (Mills) Ability to view one’s own society as an outsider would Anomie Feeling directionless in society Reinterpreted by Marx to be “alienation” in workplace Manifest function Openly stated and conscious function of something Ex. College is meant to make you employable Latent function An unconscious or unintended function that may reflect hidden purpose Dysfunction Element of society that may disrupt the social system or reduce stability
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Ex. Genocide Operational definition Explanation of an abstract concept that is specific enough to allow others to assess the  concept Hypothesis Specific prediction or speculative statement about how 2 variables influence one  another Hawthorne Effect The fact that something is being observed actually affecting the outcome Secondary analysis Research using previously collected material Content analysis Actually finding and recording information Culture Totality of customs and behavior that’s a product of social interaction Narcotizing dysfunction How massive amounts of information lead people to become numb about a topic,  regardless of how compelling it is.  Gatekeeping The control of information availability done by a small number of people Know the difference between: Correlation and causation Validity and reliability Observation and ethnography
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Know the relationship between socialization, social institution, and social structure Socialization is the process of learning social norms (social institutions) resulting in  predictable relationships and patterns of behavior (social structure) --------------------------------------------- Chapter 7: Deviance and Social Control Terms Anomie Durkheim’s term for the loss of direction felt in a society when social control of individual  behavior has become ineffective Anomie theory of deviance Merton’s theory of deviance as an adaptation of socially prescribed goals or of the  means governing their attainment, or both. Conformity Going along with peers – individuals of our own social status who have no special right  to direct our behavior Control theory A view of conformity and deviance that suggests that our connect to members of society  leads us to systematically conform to society’s norms Crime A violation of criminal law for which some governmental authority applies formal  penalties Cultural transmission A school of criminology that argues that criminal behavior is learned through social  interaction Deviance  Behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society
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