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DSST World Religion Notes

What they stand for the differences between them and

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Different sects of Buddhism, Mahayana, Theravada, Tibetan, etc., What they stand for, the differences between them, and the leaders that came AFTER the initial founders and whether they agreed with, or changed the religion. .. Buddhism – originated in India several terms and beliefs have Hindu origins Gautama Buddha – began the history of Buddhism in the 6 th Century BC Gautama Buddha – similar to Jesus both born asexually, born outside of house, with a bright light to announce birth Siddhartha Gautama became Buddha ( was born a prince ) decided to become a monk and seek the truth. His Enlightenment (under the Bodhi tree) led him to being called Gautama Buddha , where he traveled around the Gangetic Plain of central India teaching people the path to Nirvana, Gautama Buddha never left India or traveled more than 200 miles from birth place Silk road – helped spread Buddhism because along the road had many Buddhist temples that served travelers east and west
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Before his Enlightenment Buddha saw an old diseased man, a rotting corpse, and an ascetic. He lived in palace and never experienced anything unpleasant, vowed to devote life to asceticism, He believed by living a life of extreme denial he could achieve enlightenment and avoid old age, sickness and death While meditating under the Pipal tree Buddha is confronted by Mara (tempter similar to Satan) repeated to get him to move the Bodhisattva and prevent him from reaching enlightenment Buddha taught that anyone regardless of sex or Caste could reach Enlightenment Buddha – became enlightened around he age of 35, spent the remaining years of life teaching disciples Dharma to Buddhist means – teaching of truth - universal truth into the Buddha taught disciples the 4 Noble Truths a series of insights which shows human cravings, or desire to be the source of suffering EightFold Path – (also known as the 4 noble truths) detail origin of suffering and how one can cease this suffering, eight paths of self-improvement 1. Right view 2. Right thought 3. Right speech 4. Right conduct 5. Right livelihood 6. Right effort 7. Right mindfulness 8. Right meditation Anatman – Buddhism uses to discuss the impermanence to the beings sense of self referred to as “no soul” Sanskrit term meaning “without atman” Buddhist deny the existence of eternal unchanging self In Buddhism salvation comes in the form of Nirvana (also known as enlightenment), teach how to attain salvation, or a deliverance or freedom from hardships and evils of the world Nirvana – is to be released from this world’s unending cycle of suffering and is also known as Enlightenment Middle way – principle of moderation between asceticism and indulgence, so important that some interpreters refer to Buddhism as simply “the Middle Way” Buddha scriptures – the “Three Baskets of Sacred test” recorded in the Pali language, referred to as the Pali Canon 1. Sutra Pitaka - Discourse Basket 2. Vinaya Pitaka– Discipline Basket 3. Abhidarma Pitaka – Further discourse basket Dhammapada – collection of poems from various discourses given by Buddha (favorite text of Buddhists)
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What they stand for the differences between them and the...

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