Birthmarked face houston bull 1994 when riding on a

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birthmarked face (Houston & Bull, 1994) When riding on a Glasgow commuter rail line, people of both sexes avoided sitting next to the accomplice when she appeared facially disfigured Much as adults are biased toward attractive adults, young children are biased toward attractive children (Dion, 1973; Dion & Berscheid, 1974; Langlois & others, 2000) To judge from how long they gaze at someone, even 3- month-old infants prefer attractive faces (Langlois & others, 1987) Adults show a similar bias when judging children (Clifford & Hatfield, 1973)
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Gave Missouri fifth-grade teachers identical information about a boy or a girl But with the photograph of an attractive or an unattractive child attached The teachers perceived the attractive child as more intelligent and successful in school Bart Simpson effect Homely children are less able and socially competent than their beautiful peers Assume that beautiful people possess certain desirable traits Happier, sexually warmer and more outgoing, intelligent and successful Though not more honest or concerned for others Changing people’s attractiveness changes the way others react to them (Kalick, 1977) Had Harvard students rate their impressions of eight women based on profile photographs taken before or after cosmetic surgery Not only did they judge the women as more physically attractive after the surgery But also as kinder, more sensitive, more sexually warm and responsive and more likable First impressions Some people more than others judge people by their looks (Livingston, 2001) Attractiveness most affects first impressions First impressions are important, become more so As societies become increasingly mobile and urbanized As contacts with people become more fleeting (Berscheid, 1981) Attractiveness and grooming affect first impressions in job interviews (Cash & Janda, 1984; Mack & Rainey, 1990; Marvelle & Green, 1980) The speed with which first impressions form, and their influence on thinking, helps explain why pretty prospers Even a .013 second exposure—too brief to discern a face—is enough to enable people to guess a face’s attractiveness (Olson & Marshuetz, 2005) Moreover, when categorizing subsequent words as either good or bad An attractive face predisposes people to categorize good words faster
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Pretty is perceived promptly and primes positive processing Is the beautiful is good stereotype accurate? Attractive children and young adults are somewhat more relaxed, outgoing, and socially polished (Feingold, 1992b; Langlois & others, 2000) William Goldman and Philip Lewis (1977) Demonstrated this by having 60 University of Georgia men call and talk for five minutes with each of three women students Afterward the men and women rated the most attractive of their unseen telephone partners as somewhat more socially skillful and likable Physically attractive individuals tend also to be more popular, more outgoing, and more gender typed—more traditionally masculine if male,
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  • Fall '16
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