A walmart 30 has always worked hard to design

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A) Walmart 30) ________ has always worked hard to design products that can be shipped flat to achieve high volume and weight density during transportation. As a result, the company not only lowers its transportation costs, it also reduces emissions and energy use. B) IKEA 31) The presence of lead paint in some of its most popular toys forced ________ to recall hundreds of thousands of toys sold between April and July of 2007. C) Mattel
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32) ________ continues to be one of the biggest challenges to improved supply chain sustainability. A) Good information 33) Walmart implemented a web-based scorecard that evaluated the packaging of each product along nine metrics which included A) cube utilization. C) recycled content. D) Both A and C Answer: D 34) This company has not hit its targets for the use of renewable energy because these sources have higher costs compared to other sources of energy. In general, the public has not been willing to pay for the added costs. A) Walmart 35) These two companies have also set aggressive targets for their suppliers to improve overall supply chain sustainability. A) Walmart and IKEA 36) McDonough and Braungart (2002) discuss the importance of ________ design if we are to truly limit the landfill inventory generated by a supply chain. B) cradle to cradle 37) The goal of every supply chain should be to track its A) landfill inventory. 38) The polluter pays principle dictates that B) the entity causing the pollution must bear the cost to society. 39) The major deterrent to remanufacturing is C) the fear that remanufactured products will be purchased instead of newly-produced products. 40) Remanufacturing helps improve profits as long as D) two distinct segments of demand exist for the product — one for new and one for old products. 41) The Pay as You Throw (PAYT) model is designed to A) increase recycling. 42) Much of the actual cost of recycling or remanufacturing is directly linked to: B) the logistics. 43) For individuals and firms to focus on sustainability, it is crucial that they C) internalize the monetary value of the social/environmental cost of their actions.
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44) Reducing greenhouse gas emissions was most cost effectively achieved by D) charging for emissions. 45) Under a carbon tax system, the price of emissions is A) the tax rate set directly by the regulatory authority. 46) Under a cap and trade system, the price of emissions is B) determined indirectly and can change. 47) The market for carbon allowances C) can result in a heavier polluter buying allowances from a company with lower carbon output. 48) One advantage of a carbon tax system over a cap and trade system is D) the carbon tax system displays more price stability. 49) An energy exporting country stands to gain A) under a cap and trade system if the supply of crude i s kept below the level achieved with a 50) A cap and trade system can achieve price stability as long as C) both a price floor and intertemporal banking of emissions allowances are allowed.
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  • Spring '12
  • HamidPourmohammadi
  • Forecasting, Greenhouse gas, Emissions trading

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