religions of the world all notes from test 1 to test 3

Said followers could be gentiles salvation through

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Said followers could be gentiles Salvation through belief in Jesus, not jewish practice Martyred in Rome by Nero Roman Persecution  Refused to accept Roman authority or religion Worst persecution under Diocletian starting in 303CE Continued until Constantine 312 CE had a vision ended persecution and allowed practice in 313CE under Emperor Theodosius Roman Empire became officially Christian Early debates Gnosticism- believed Jesus had no physical form Material world not created by God Marcionism- belief in 2 gods
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Religions of the World TEST 3 18:48 One that created our world, one that was the father of Jesus Montanism—emphasis on the holy Spirit Charismatic, apocalyptic Doctrinal Issues The trinity (originally dealt with in 325) Main issues at the Council of Nicaea Ended up that it was 3 parts to the 1 God Was Jesus always there? Or was he created? Was jesus divine? Human? Half and half? Or 100% both? Issues still not sorted out  Iconoclastic controversy (dealt with originally 787) Papal authority  Break between Rome and Greek Orthodox in 1054 Martin Luther (1483-1546) German, Augustinian monk (Roman Catholic) Interpreted Paul to mean that salvation comes through faith and not works For Catholics “works” meant Jewish practice  For Luther it was the selling of indulgences, confessing sins, and performing penance 1517 nailed his 95 theses on his church’s door 1521 accused of political subversion, exocommunicated banished by Charles V hid for over a year with help of Prince Frederick III translated bible into German removed the need for clergy to interpret the Bible
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Religions of the World TEST 3 18:48 not the first reformer, but the most influential  Anglicanism King Henry VIII Originally Roman Catholic Opposed Luther—authored  Defence of Seven Sacraments  (1521) Named “defender of the faith” Catherine of Aragon—1 st  wife Spanish royalty Only surviving child was a daughter, Mary  1527 asked the pope for an annulment  Clement refused—likely because of Catherine’s political ties 1533 married Anne Boleyn Archbishop of Canterbury annulled his 1 st  marriage 1534 English Parliament passed Act of Supremacy Henry became head of the Church of England  Boleyn also had no surviving sons—1 daughter, Elizabeth  1536—beheaded for adultery, incest, and treason Married Jane Seymour Had a son, Edward  Died a few days after giving birth  Henry has 3 more wives Died in 1547 and Edward became king England remained Protestant under Edward (7 years) 1533 Edward VI died and Mary (Catherine’s daughter) took the thrown “Bloody Mary”
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Religions of the World TEST 3 18:48 she was Catholic began intense persecution of Protestants  Marian exiles would later settle in North America 
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