vaccines that could be used to immunize individuals against a wide variety of infectious diseases ranging from cholera to potentially AIDS. Such developments have profound implications for improving human health worldwide and save millions of lives.It has been shown that plants have a great economic value to pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and other industries. As the world population continues to grow an increased demand has been placed on our Earth's resources. Farmers sustain billions of dollars in crop loss each year that has the potential to be controlled by gene modification. Genetic engineering is a major innovation for agriculture providing growers with other alternatives to conventional pesticides.There are a number of social and economical risks of GMO's but these risks are not a consequence of the technology but of its use. Progress with genetic engineering is no different from any of our other technological progress. Most people in industrialized countries are willing and able to accept a technology like the automobile. Just as many negative things could be said about our cars as could be said about GMO's such as they contribute to green house gases, kill about a half million people a year in the United States alone, and adds nothing important to our lifestyle except for convenience of fast travel. So why is genetic engineering perceived as being too risky?Humans cannot escape the facts that we are part of the Earth's ecosystem and in every ecosystem there are producers and consumers. Currently we have no reason to think that genetic engineered plants are not safe to eat. People now consume about 100,000 different genes daily, and the DNA is efficiently broken down in the human intestinal system. Though consumers want to eat what they see as natural products and many think of genetic engineering as unnatural because it involves laboratory procedures
and field-testing. Many experts believe the only way to overcome consumer resistance togenetically engineered foods is to clearly label products especially fruits and vegetables, derived from transgenetic plants. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) the agency of the US Government that overseas food safety made its policy in May 1992 that food obtained from transgenetic plants need not be labeled as such. The FDA decided that what is important to the consumers is the material content of the food nutritional, allergenic, pesticide and not the process used to generate the plant. What counts is the end product, not the methods used to produce plant variety.It has been argued that the world already has enough food sources to feed the worldand that the only problem has been transporting the food to the people. This is currently the case in our dilemma of how to feed the world. However, we must continue to be on the forefront with our research on new sustainable ways to feed the ever-expanding current populations. Our current methods of commercial mass production agriculture are not sustainable in the long run. We have poisoned our soils and waters to the point that previously fertile lands are no longer productive.