Increase intracellular calcium Degeneration of cell death Plaques and tangles

Increase intracellular calcium degeneration of cell

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Increase intracellular calcium, Degeneration of cell death. Plaques and tangles. Plaques made of protein ..amyloid protein Build together forming plaues Or strands become tangled They both= cell death, destruction of neurons Resulting in memory failure, personality changes, Inability to carry out ADLs Head trauma Genetics Vascular neurocognitive disorder BLOOD VESSELS OF THE BRAIN High blood pressure= multiple small strokes or cerebral infarcts Hypertentsion damage the lining of the blood vessels =hemorrhage =accumulation of fibrin in the vessel =intravascular clothing which inhibit blood flow
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Could be an EMBOLI, (clots, cellular debriws, platelet aggregates, gaseous (air nirogen) or liquid (fat) following soft tissue trauma or fracture of the long bone. Silent strokes”= small infarts Frontotemporal neurocognitive disorder Shrinking of the frontal and temporal anterior loves of the brain Genetics Will result in behavioral and personality changes and speech and language problems LEWI BODIES SIMILAR TO AD BUT IT PROGRESS MORE RAPIDLLY Visual hallutions Parkinsonian feutures HIV INFECTION LEADS TO BRAIN INFECTIONS Early stages neuropsychiatric symptoms Severe cognitive changes ..confusion,behavior ,psychosis Sunstances Alcohol Sedativs Hypnotics Anxiolytics Inhalants HUNTINGTON DISEASE Damage in nasal ganglia / cerebral cortex DECREASE GABA DECREASE ACETYLCHOLINE INCREASE DOPAMIN Symptoms: Involuntary switching of the limbs Facial muscles Cognitive changes Depreesion Apathy (lack of interest) 30-50 ATAXIA(MUSCULAR COORDINATION PRION DISEASE Rapid progression Involumtary movements Muschle rigidity Ataxia Other diagnosis Hypothyroidism Yperparathyroidism Pituitaty insuffiency Uremia Encephalitis Brain tumor
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Cardiopulmonary Systemic lupus NURSING PROCESS CLIENT H IF PATIENT IS UNABLE TO RELATE , MAY GET INFOR FROM FAMILY TYPE, FREQUENCY,SEVERITY OF MOOD SWINGS PERSONALITY CHANGES AND CATASTROPHIC EMOTIONAL REACTION Cognitive c0hanges Language Orientation person, place, time, situation Social behavior Diagnostic Blood and urine to test for infections
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