A German journalist named Karl Marx along with his friend, Frederick Engels, introduced a radical type of socialism called Marxism in a 23 page pamphlet called The Communist Manifesto-In their Manifesto, Marx and Engels argued that human societies have always been a competition between the “____________” and the “________________” in which the “haves” profit on the backbreaking work of the “have-nots” -Marx and Engels believed that the Indus. Rev. had enriched the wealthy and impoverished the poor -They predicted that this ______________________________________________ following these steps: 1. Factories would drive small businesses away leaving a small number of people controlling all the wealth 2. This would anger the workers who would ______________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 3. These workers would then run the factories, provide for the society and share in the profits 4. The workers would then seize control of the government to ensure _________________________________________________________________ _ 5. Finally, the need for government would wither away as useless as this ______________________________________________________ - Marx called this last phase Communism - a system in which all factors of production are _______________________________ (no private ownership) and all goods are ___________________________________________________ - The Communist Manifesto was published in 1848 and was influential to revolutionaries such as Lenin, Mao Zedong, Ho Chi Minh, and Fidel Castro Read pgs. 738-740 and answer the following 1)Define a union. 2) Describe collective-bargaining.
3)What would lead to strikes by employees? 4)Who led the way in forming unions? 5)What was the result of the Factory Act of 1833? 6)What did the Mines Act do for women and children? 7)What was the result of the National Child Labor Committee? 8)How did the Reform Bill of 1832 change voting rights in England? (p. 747) 9) What were the objectives of the Women’s Social and Political Union? (p.749) 10) What were the most significant inventions or discoveries of the following: (starts on p.762) - Thomas Edison - Marie and Pierre Curie - Alexander Graham Bell - Louis Pasteur - Guglielmo Marconi