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a.Yes, unless it is nihilism, which has no moral standards, because there are no morals11.What is a contradiction?a.A claim that is simultaneously affirmed and rejected12.Can subjectivism and relativism allow for moral disagreements? Why?a.Subjectivism does not allow for moral disagreements because each individual is entitled to his or her own opinion, and your opinion cannot contradict with his or hers because they exist separatelyb.Relativism runs into the same problem, unless there is an individual in more than one society where the societies have contradicting views. In this case, that person would have to deal with a moral disagreement 13.What is global skepticism?a.Global skepticism is the view that there is no objective truth at all, anywhere.14.What is the argument from global skepticism? Is it valid? Is it sound?a.Global skepticism is true. Global skepticism entails moral skepticism. Therefore, moral skepticism is true. b.Valid: yes
c.Sound: no (global skepticism is not true; not all of the premises are true, therefore the conclusion cannot be true) 15.Is global skepticism self-refuting?a.Yesi.Global nihilism: no truths at all, therefore there cannot be moral truths1.Problem: “no truths at all” must be true for this to workii.Global subjectivism: truth in every area is in the eye of the beholder1.Problem: claim is true if and only if I believe it; if something (like global subjectivism) is true, and I don’t believe it, it cannot be trueiii.Global relativism: all truth is relative to a society1.Problem: false for all societies that do not believe in global relativism16.Is moral skepticism self-refuting?a.No, at least not according to Shaffer-LandauI am still somewhat confused about the difference between entailand require. Could you please explain these again?