10. A child learned to get candy by crying. What would extinguish this response?a. Stop giving candy.b. explain to the child why crying is inappropriate.c. Give candy before the child starts cryingd. Punish the child for crying.11. "A burned child dreads the fire". In operant conditioning the burning would be an example of:12. Taking away your tablet for misbehavior is an example of _____________ while getting a lashing for misbehavior is an example of ________.13. You clean your room so your mother will stop nagging you. Your mother used _______________ to get you to clean your room.14. Ben throws rocks at all each person that walks by him. Each time he throws a rock, he is immediately spanked. Spanking is aa. positive punishmentb. positive reinforcer.c. secondary reinforcer.d. secondary punishment15. After Little Albert acquired a conditioned fear of a rat, Watson and Rayner wanted to see howhe would react to a white rabbit, cotton wool, and a Santa Claus mask. They were studying whether or not _______________ had occurred.
16. A dog that was trained to salivate at the sight of a white square also salivates somewhat at thesight of a gray square. What is the dog displaying?17. Anna's dog learned to salivate when she presented him with an image of a circle but not with an image of a square. This is an example of __________18. According to Schachter and Singer’s theory, how do you know what emotion you are feeling?a. You monitor the amount of sympathetic nervous system arousal.b. You monitor the amount of parasympathetic nervous system response.c. You rely on a cognitive appraisal of the situation.d. You monitor the type and degree of your muscle activities.19. According to Schachter and Singer’s theory, what does your sympathetic nervous system arousal determine?20. What is the question that Schachter and Singer’s theory addresses?a. How do you suppress inappropriate emotions?b. Do we have a certain number of “basic” emotions?c. How do you know which emotion you arefeeling? d. Do emotional feelings differ significantly from one culture to another?
- Spring '18