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Understanding and building upon the research

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understanding and building upon the research questions, data, and analysis generated by others inthe discipline. A good starting point is knowing where to read and explore peer-reviewedscholarship in the discipline Every discipline, whether political science, anthropology, criminaljustice, nursing, economics, biology, engineering, and so on, is based on knowledge debated,disseminated, and created in journal articles.
8Journal articles are peer-reviewed publications that help scholars communicate ideas, theories,empirical analyses, and conclusions. Journal articles are contained in journals that are typicallyowned by publishing companies. For example, the University of Cambridge, located in theUnited Kingdom, owns and operates Cambridge University Press. This press partners with theAmerican Political Science Association (APSA) to publish the following journals: AmericanPolitical Science Review, Perspectives on Politics, and PS: Political Science and Politics.Additionally, APSA also partners with Taylor and Francis to publish the Journal of PoliticalScience Education (JPSE). The key difference between the 4 journals is that one, JPSE, ispublished by Taylor and Francis, while the other 3 journals are published by CambridgeUniversity Press.Figure 1-3: Visualization of network of APSA, publishers, and journalsThe ability to critically read journal articles is a skill that is developed with practice. This skill isespecially useful when you are a university student. If you are contemplating attending graduateschool to earn a Masters, professional, or Doctoral degree, then analyzing journal articles is anessential skill.Peer-review is the process by which a scholar submits a manuscript to a journal editor. Theeditor decides whether to forward the manuscript to 2-4 other scholars for their review or not.When an editor decides not to forward a manuscript, this is called a “desk rejection”. These 2-3reviewers will read the manuscript, comment on it, and suggest whether the manuscript shouldbe accepted for publication, revised and resubmitted for consideration, or rejected. Manuscriptsthat are accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal are Journal Articles.
9Figure 1-4: Visualization of the peer-review processJournal Article Analysis consists of reading journal articles and analyzing them. You areresponsible for identifying twelve parts of a journal article: title, main point, question, puzzle,debate, theory, hypotheses, research design, empirical analysis and methods, policy implications,and contribution to the discipline, and future research. Journal Articles vary in their organizationand inclusion of these twelve parts. Increasingly, many articles explicitly describe all or most ofthese parts; however, other articles may not state a part, or may omit it entirely. There is adiversity of article authors, writing styles, and approaches to the discipline, this outline andsubsequent elaboration is just one of a multiple of frameworks for analyzing political scienceresearch.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Larry Earnhart
Tags
Table of Figures, Table of Tables, summary of Section

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