The statute therefore requires that the defendant act

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The statute therefore requires that the defendant act with criminal negligence and extreme indifference to human life by wantonly engaging in conduct which creates a grave risk of death to another person and thereby causes the death of another person. Voluntary Manslaughter in the first degree. (1) A person is guilty of manslaughter in the first degree when: (a) With intent to cause serious physical injury to another person, he causes the death of such person or of a third person; (b) With intent to cause the death of another person, he causes the death of such person or of a third person under circumstances which do not constitute murder because he acts under the influence of extreme emotional disturbance, as defined in subsection (1)(a) of KRS 507.020; or (c) Through circumstances not otherwise constituting the offense of murder, he or she intentionally abuses another person or knowingly permits another person of whom he or she has actual custody to be abused and thereby causes death to a person twelve (12) years of age or less, or who is physically helpless or mentally helpless. [2] Involuntary Manslaughter in the second degree. (1) A person is guilty of manslaughter in the second degree when he wantonly causes the death of another person.. DISCUSSION In the new Code, only four culpable mental states are used to define criminal behavior. The provision which creates and defines these mental states is the major focus of this writing. It would seem advisable at the very outset to set it forth in full: (1) "Intentionally"-A person acts intentionally with respect to a result or to conduct described by a statute defining an offense when his conscious objective is to cause that result or to engage in that conduct. (2) "Knowingly"-A person acts knowingly with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining
-4- an offense when he is aware that his conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists. (3) "Wantonly"-A person acts wantonly with respect to a result or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense when he is aware of and consciously disregards a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the result will occur or that the circumstance exists. The risk must be of such nature and degree that disregard thereof constitutes a gross deviation from the standard of conduct that a reasonable person would observe in the situation. A person who creates such a risk but is unaware thereof solely by reason of voluntary intoxication also acts wantonly with respect thereto. (4) "Recklessly-A person acts recklessly with respect to a result or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense when he fails to perceive a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the result will occur or that the circumstance exists. The risk must be of such nature and degree that failure to perceive it constitutes a gross deviation from the standard of care that a reasonable person would observe in the situation.

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