porting institutions. SFA activities assist host countries to defend against internal and transnational threats to stability. However, the DOD may also conduct SFA to assist host countries to defend against external threats; contribute to coalition operations; or organize, train, equip, and advise another country’s security forces or supporting institutions. USSOCOM serves as the lead for development of joint SFA doctrine, training, and education. Hostage Rescue and Recovery Hostage rescue and recovery operations are sensitive crisis response missions that include offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, preempt, and respond to ter- rorist threats and incidents, including recapture of U.S. facilities, installations, and sensitive material. Counterinsurgency (COIN) COIN refers to the comprehensive civilian and military efforts taken to defeat insurgency and to address core grievances. SOF are particularly well-suited for COIN operations because of their regional expertise, language and combat skills, and ability to work among popula- tions and with or through indigenous partners. Foreign Humanitarian Assistance (FHA) Foreign humanitarian assistance is a range of DOD humanitarian activities conducted outside the U.S. and its territories to relieve or reduce human suffering, disease, hunger, or privation. SOF can deploy rapidly with excellent long-range communications equipment, and operate in the austere and often chaotic environ- ments typically associated with disaster-related HA efforts. Perhaps the most important capabilities found within SOF for FHA are their geographic orientation, cultural knowledge, language capabilities, and the
Special Operations Forces Reference Manual 1-8 June 2015 ability to work with multi-ethnic indigenous popula- tions, and international relief organizations to provide initial and ongoing assessments. CA are particularly well suited for stabilization efforts in disaster areas. SOF can provide temporary support, such as airspace control for landing zones, communications nodes, security, and advance force assessments to facilitate the deployment of conventional forces and designated humanitarian assistance organizations until the HN or another organization can provide that support. Military Information Support Operations (MISO) MISO convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and indi- viduals. The purpose of MISO is to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behaviors favorable to the joint force commander’s objectives. Dramatic changes in information technology and social networking have added a new, rapidly evolving dimension to opera- tions, and the ability to influence relevant audiences is integral to how SOF address local, regional, and transnational challenges.
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- Spring '19
- John Foe
- United States Army, Special Activities Division, United States Navy SEALs, United States Special Operations Command, Special Operations University