Diplomatic representation in beijingembassy 10 more

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Diplomatic representation in Beijing(embassy) 10 more cities in Treaty of Nanking open upDec 1857, large warships, cannons, troop transports. Dec.12 1857 Ultimatum. Pay the demands or war. Deadline Christmas eve, deadline passesDec. 28 B and F arrive in Canton and storm the city, go to Gov Gen house and arrest him, ship him off to India, set up puppet govt in Canton Make Harry Parkes the gov of Canton until demands are satisfied
Expidition moves to Tianjing (Beijings outlet to the sea) Present demands, find out they not ready to respond, attack Taku forts and completely destroys themB says they are going to send troops to Beijin, China sends Qiying Qiying forced to commit suicideTreaty of Tianjin oEmbassy open in Beijingo10 new port cities, Nanking and Tinano4 million ounces of silver for B, 2 mill for FrancoForeign travel in all parts of China (primarily for missionaries)Good cop, bad cop, Elgin is good cop, Horatio Lay is bad copKweiliang is ambassador, says he cant offer more cities, haven’t been authorized June 11 1858, Elgin demands will march to Beijin Kweiliang finally gets his authorization and says ok, you can do it (potentiary powers) US cant do that because you can’t go around congress. Why diplomacy with the US can be so difficultDoes it work out? No!IV. More fighting and the second settlement
March 1859, B formally appoints ambassador to C, presents credentials to Beijing and buy and construct an embassy, arrives in Shanghai (one of 5 original treaty ports, becoming major city) Ambassador pissed off with being in Shanghai, wants to proceed to BeijingC gov says main road on Tianjin to Beijing, the ceremonial road is emperor’s personal road, you must go on side roadAmbassador had no instructions about this, goes on main road Daboo fires back, sinks 4 British war ships (amazing!) (Daboo repulse) Ambassedor is recalled and punished, but decides daboo repulse can not be ignored, must be warElgin reappointed and again with French he brings tons of troops warships, etc. Sent to TianjinHarry Parkes is advance man, goes before ambassador into Beijing to try and set things upHe was the one who set up the puppet govt and order to fire on CantonHarry Parkes is arrested for being a trouble makerB is aghast b/c Parkes is a diplomat and they call it a kidnappingElgin charges on Beijing, gets to Beijing and realize that the emperor has fled Beijing to Jehol, Elgin has no govt to negotiateElgin thinks maybe make Parkes the emperor of China Russians convince F and B that no its big and complicated, you know next to nothing to nothing in ChinaElgin says “Ok, we can’t take over” decides to kill someone and break something in order to destroy something that Chinese really likes, a symbol of China

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