o Western ideals of marriage – legal, permanent, heterosexual, procreative, sexually exclusive, emotionally exclusive. o Historically, marriage had an economic purpose. o Extramarital Relationships -Non-consensual: (do not have the permission of your spouse) 50% of men & 25% of women who are married have had an affair. Consensual: Open marriage – not sexually exclusive. Swinging – exchange marriage partners. The majority of married people considers affairs a serious infraction. Jealousy and cheating are the leading causes of relationship break-ups. Divorce o About 1⁄2 of 1st marriages in U.S. ends in divorce. o 60% of 2nd marriages and 70% of 3rd marriages end in divorce. o Romantic relationships after divorce: The experience of divorce may make some people more willing to share their lives/homes than their bank accounts. o Cost of divorce: Financial -Move out, sell home. Alternatives…- Divorce can be a cause of bankruptcy-Custody battles - Spousal support & child support o Cost of divorce: Emotional -Feelings of failure as spouse and parent -Loneliness and uncertainty about the future and depression -Divorced & separated people have the highest rates of physical and mental illness in the population. -But divorce can be a time of personal growth. -Effects of divorce on children: Depends on how parents act towards each other and the quality of parenting. -Remarrying o Majority of divorced people remarry. o More men remarry than women. o Remarriages are even more likely than 1st marriages to end in divorce.
Sex in the Elderly o Prevailing notion – old age is sexless, the idea is based on procreative ideals.o Quality of sex that counts more and not as much quantity. Few women can reach orgasm after the age of 70.A=trueB = false o False – healthy women can retain the capacity for orgasm well into older age. o Issues in Elderly sex - Men – less frequent & less firm erections, need longer time between intercourse -Women – post-menopausal symptoms, less lubrication, vaginal lining thinner. -Side-effects of medication -Alternatives to intercourse o Seniors sex lives -Continues to have romantic relationships and sex.-Use online dating. -Needs to be aware of STIs.
Week Four 2/21: Gender issues o Gender o Masculine--------feminine. Socially constructed. o Self-identified. o What it means to be a “man” or a “woman” in a particular culture at a particular time. o Gender roles & stereotypes: -types of jobs you can have, toys, clothing, behaviors, interests o Influence of society & media. Moving towards more inclusive attitudes and representations. o T/F: A 2 1⁄2 year old child may identify as a boy but think that he can grow up to be a mommy. A =true B = false o true – kids develop gender identity by age 3, and by age 4 or 5, develop gender stability – recognition that they retain their genders for a lifetime. o T/F: Adolescent girls who show a number of traditional masculine traits are more popular than girls who thoroughly adopt the traditional feminine gender role.
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- Fall '09