3.The "energy crisis" changed things in America. 1.The Alaska pipeline was approved to flow oil southward.2.A 55 MPH speed limit was set to conserve fuel. Americans also moved to smaller cars, like the VW Bug.3.There were calls for more use of coal and nuclear power.4.The embargo was lifted after 5 months. But, the message was clear: America was addicted to oil and the Middle East had nearly all of the cards in their hands. 1.Using OPEC to exert their will, the Arab nations nearly quadrupled the price of oil by the end of the 70s.10. Watergate and the Unmaking of a President 1.During the campaign, five men had been caught breaking into the Democratic party's headquarters in the Watergate building. They were snooping files and planting microphones. It was discovered they were part of CREEP(the Committee to Reelect the President). 1.The question became, "Who ordered this and who knew of this?" Nixon said he knew nothing of the business.2.At about the same time, Nixon's V.P., Spiro Agnew, had his own mini-scandal involving past bribes. Agnew resigned and Gerald Fordwas chosen as the new Vice President.2.The Senate investigated Watergate. A former White House lawyer, John Dean, accused Nixon of a cover-up (to quiet anyone with any knowledge). It was then learned Nixon had tape recordings of all Oval Office conversations, so the tapes were sought. Nixon refused which looked bad.
1.Also, in the "Saturday Night Massacre", Nixon fired Watergate investigators and the attorney general, which also looked bad.2.Some tapes were handed over in 1974 at the Supreme Court's ruling. They revealed Nixon's foul mouth—embarrassing but not impeachable.3.A month later, impeachment for "obstruction of justice" was going forward so Nixon handed over all of the tapes. Those revealed Nixon hadindeed ordered a cover-up—this was an impeachable offense.3.Rather than get booted out of office, Nixon resignedon August 8, 1974. Gerald Ford was sworn in as the new president.11. The First Unelected President 1.Gerald Fordbecame president without anyone ever voting for him, either for president or vice president.2.He was seen as a nice guy, more of an everyman, but a bit of an average-minded and clumsy fellow. None of the negatives were really fair, but that was much of the public view.3.Surprisingly, Ford pardoned Nixon for any illegal actions he might have done. 1.This smelled stinky. The deal appearedto have been…Ford was chosen V.P. so that if Nixon ever got into trouble, Ford would cover his back. There is no way to knowthis, but that was the perception. This would hurt Ford in the 1976 election.2.Later, Ford's popularity went downhill when he gave amnesty to draft dodgers. He felt they'd notserved out of heartfelt reasons, so they were welcome to return to the U.S.