Order 1485224Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972.docx

Nd the congress struck a balance to allow the

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between military readiness and conservation (Baur D et al., n.d). The Congress struck a balance to allow the incidental take of marines mammals that originated from the release of sonar or any other human activity that may in one way or another harm or disturb the whales and other mammals. However with a regulation that the incidental take from the task has got a negligible impact on the particular marine animals at risk, and as long as mitigation measures were created in ay that permitted less harm to the marine mammals in the least practicable adverse impact. It is, therefore, the responsibilities of the delegated authority (NMFS) bound by the congressional mandates to make sure that the MMPA is implemented (Gould 2016). The MMPA categorizes forms of harassments as either “level A” or “level B.” It refers to a Level A harassment as any act that results in injury or has the potential to cause injury to the marine mammals or marine mammal stock existing in the wild. Level A harassment happens when marine mammals are exposed to sound pulses that go beyond 180 decibels. While on the other hand, MMPA defines level B as any act that causes any disturbance to marine animals and causes them to change their behavior routines like migration, breeding, feeding, and sheltering to the extent of abandoning them. Sound decibels below 180 are associated with causing Level B harassments (Gould 2016)
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Case Study 3 The NMFS 2012 final rule brought about three mitigation measures that were intended to significantly reduce the incidental take on marine mammals species, the stock, and habitat. Firstly, it
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