The reading on the everyday math of evolution chance

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5. The reading on The Everyday Math of Evolution: Chance, Selection, and Timepoints out that:(a) probability statistics demonstrate that evolution cannot involve elements of chance, (b) the small differences among individuals, when compounded by natural selection over time, add up to the large differences we see among species, (c) the time required for a trait to become prevalent in a population is almost always on the order of hundreds of thousands if not millions of generations, (d) choices “a” and “c” are both correct, but choice “b” is not correct, (e) choices “b” and “c” are both correct, but choice “a” is not correct.
3 NAME ________________________ EID _______________ 6. The range of phenotypes expressed by a single genotype as a function of environmental conditions is known as:
. 7. Exaptation would be exemplified by:
8. Fill in the blank. One way that new molecular functions can arise is through the process of ______________, in which a protein that serves one function in one part of the body is recruited to perform another function elsewhere in the body.
9. With regard to reproductive success in males and females:(a) variation in reproductive success in males tends to be low, (b) variation in reproductive success in females tends to be high, (c)overall reproductive success in males and females is equal, (d) all of the above choices, “a”, “b”, and “c”, are correct, (e) choices “a” and “b” are both correct, but choice “c” is not correct.
10. In their paper on field crickets, Zuk et al. document the near disappearance of song (the sexual signal of crickets) on the Hawaiian Island of Kawai. Which of the following statements is/are correct?
4 NAME ________________________ EID _______________

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