Module 4 Notes.docx

2 even if both tasks would wait you will forget where

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(2) Even if both tasks would wait, you will forget where you are in one task like HW w/ multiple steps You are more error prone and will take you longer to complete the task Students were asked how certain activities interfere w/ their driving o Thing that people say is most damaging to their ability to drive safely is texting o Many people think that driving is like typing where it’s a habit and doesn’t interfere o Talking on phone & texting are equally dangerous – texting a bit more since you don’t look at road There are 2 reasons why talking on the phone is different from talking to someone in person when driving o (1) When you have a good conversation, if you are in middle of thinking about what to say next to the person on the phone, your eyes may see a hazard, but you get inattentional blindness Inattentional blindness – eyes are fixated on something, but you don’t see or notice it o (2) Person in the car has situational awareness – they may notice a hazard and alert you They know when to stop talking when traffic gets bad There are brain areas in frontal lobe of brain that are really critical for switching btwn tasks
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o Those areas are the areas of the brain that you use to pay attention to your own performance o You have a hard time monitoring how well you’re doing when you are switching back and forth Whether listening to music affects your attention depends on the attentional style that you have o Listening to music is bad for people who are laser focused and hone in on something when working Your attention is attracted away – you end up listening to the music o Familiar music is helpful for people with more diffused attentional style – music covers random sounds Harder time deselecting other things in the environment There are ways to increase your attention span – getting regular sleep which is important for focused attention Factors Influencing Attention People differences in terms of where they direct their attention – individual differences in attentional processes o Research on gender differences on basic attentional processes are unclear Christopher Beevers studying whether people depressed or inclined to be depresses are more likely to focus on different things than others o (1) Stroop task – shown different words, try to name color of the ink Distracting words makes you slower at naming color of the ink of the word People who are depressed take longer if there are negative words o (2) Eye tracking – you wear devices that look at your eyeball to tell exactly where you are looking Gaze of people who are depressed goes more quickly to negative images People who are depressed stay on negative images longer Debunk’d Myth – Subliminal message can persuade people to purchase products o Subliminal messages are often embedded within advertisements, logos, and movies o Messages are subtly convey through flashes of images or words Reality – Subliminal messages have small effects that are unlikely to influence
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