led the plan and it unfolded smoothly until political tensions at home and he turned the reins to Lord Charles Cornwallis. They believed the south was going to be easy to take because of the
amount of loyalists but southern loyalism had suffered since the beginning of the war because they feared slave rebellion and led them to welcome the rebels return to power. Cornwallis had to eventually abandon Carolina and got pushed to Yorktown, Virginia. Soon Washington and theFrench arrived and the british were clearly outnumbered and fought for three weeks before surrendering with military honors in 1781. Cornwallis surrender had extinguished the will of britain's overtaxed people and forced the government to negotiate for peace. JOhn Adams, Benjamin Franklin and John jay were america's principals delegates to the peace talks in paris that began in 1782. These peace talks did not come at a cheap price, 5% of all free white malesdied fighting the British and left thousand of people in exile. I think the United States were able to win the war because of the leadership of George Washington. He know his army and how inexperienced they were and they avoided large scale confrontations and instead struck quickly in guerrilla style attacks. I think another key factor is with the help of other nations, if it wasn't forespecially France, spain and the netherlands it was very unlikely that the war would have endedthe same way without them. The biggest thing behind the colonists was their drove for freedom and independence and that is something that the rich experienced British government could not buy.The third and climactic phase of the Revolution was the Confederation Era of the 1780s. This era evolved during the war itself. What were the assumptions and ideas that lay behind the new state constitutions as well as they new Articles of Confederation? During the Revolutionary War and shortly thereafter, what were the successes of the government that operated under the Articles? And what were its failures? It became obvious to some, even during the Revolution, that the Articles of Confederation provided a weak form of government and that the nation needed change. How did this perception develop during the 1770s and 1780s? What were the issues at the Philadelphia Convention of 1787, and how were they resolved? Or weren't they?The confederation era of the 1780s developed because it forced questions of class, gender and race into public discussion. The 13 full sovereign states was a problem for the people and legislator because they need to somehow modify and weaken state sovereignty without sacrificing individual liberties in the process. John Dickinson drafted a document that was soon to be known as the articles of confederation, it was the first american national government where all power was held by the states. It states that the United States was a “firm league of friendship”. It was extremely weak because could request funds from the states but could not tack without every state's approval and it could not regulate interstate or overseas commerce.