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6. List and briefly describe the five major types/focuses of evaluation. (p. 290-299) (book and lecture)7. How do politics affect research? (lecture)8. Be able to define key terms for this chapter. (see Key Terms)
oTry to set it up so you can address their fearsCHAPTER 12: Reviewing, Proposing, and Reporting Research1. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the three major types of research designs? Beable to compare the three types of designs (p.305-307) (book) 1.Experimental designsa.Strengths:i.Nomothetic causal hypothesesii.Studies of treatment effectsiii.Basic social psychological processesiv.Reduces possibilities of pre-existing differences, controlled conditionsb.Weaknesses:i.Need volunteers, so they aren’t the same as everyone else (not generalizable)ii.Ethical and practical constraintsiii.Field experiments require special access and have high costs2.Surveysa.Strengths:i.Generalizable for large populationsii.Can include a large number of variablesiii.Easy to find reliable measuresb.Weaknesses:i.Can only measure what respondents are willing to sayii.Standardized questions can lump together different responses, miss details of respondents’ attitudes/feelings3.Qualitative methods:a.Strengths:i.Intensive measurementii.Direct observationiii.In-depth interviewingiv.Can identify multiple successive eventsv.Good for new groups/ideas/conceptsb.Weaknesses:i.Time consumingii.Expensiveiii.Not as many cases can be examinediv.Not generalizable