Ai maze study time you doing a maze if others were

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Algebra and Trigonometry: Real Mathematics, Real People
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Chapter 1 / Exercise 19
Algebra and Trigonometry: Real Mathematics, Real People
Larson
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a.i. Maze study- time you doing a maze. If others were watching them do a hard maze it took longer to do than by themselves. Vs. if they did an easy maze, findings were reversed. a.ii. Anagrams- same as maze
We have textbook solutions for you!
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Algebra and Trigonometry: Real Mathematics, Real People
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 1 / Exercise 19
Algebra and Trigonometry: Real Mathematics, Real People
Larson
Expert Verified
a.iii. Sports- people who had others watching and if you were good, performed better in front of others. a.iv. Cockroaches- went faster with other cockroaches around for an easy task just like humans. b. Autonomic nervous system studied. c. Threats d. Yerkes Dodson law. Slightly different than social facilitation. For any task you’re doing there is an optimal level of task difficulty that will make you perform best. If not enough arousal you aren’t focused, but if too much arousal it can turn into threat and impede your abilities. Different tasks have different curves. e. Social impact theory: where arousal comes from e.i. Arousal= f(strength x immediacy x number) e.i.1. Strength of audience- their status, how important there evaluation is to you e.i.2. Immediacy- feel more arousal if it’s more immediate to you so proximity people in the front freak you out more than if you talk to the audience in the back of the room. e.i.3. Number- the more people the more nervous you’ll be. Exponential curve. 5 vs. 10 people but when you hit a threshold 75 vs. 76 people doesn’t really impact you. 2. Intragroup Behavior a. Social loafing “Many hands DO NOT make light work” – people put in less effort when embedded in a group vs. by themselves. Ie. The farm hand studied. Pulling on a rope. b. Shouting- shout as loudly as you can into a microphone, vs. multiple people shout at the same time, you don’t shout as loudly c. Clapping- same thing as shouting. d. Sports- e. Group Projects f. Why? f.i. Diffusion of responsibility- when we work by ourselves we’re 100% responsible for our output vs. being in a group responsibility gets diffused across all group members. f.ii. Deindividuation- happens when you feel like people can’t identify you and link you directly to your actions. Causes you to behave non-normatively. Person jumping off ledge. If there’s a big crowd more likely to yell jump, if the person was further up, darker, more likely to yell jump. Ie. People on a
plane. Never see them again, so they tell you stories with excessive detail. , groups led into room. Whether room was light, vs. black. In the dark they shared more info rather than in the light. In group work since people can’t necessarily identify your specific part, just the overall group work less. f.iii. Free riding- if you “save your energy” it’ll be better in the long run so you won’t work as hard. g. In order to get rid of social loafing, make people feel more responsible, and make their outputs individually quantifiable, and address issue of free riding. Make it so that there is no benefit for you not working as hard and relying on the work of others.

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