As noted by an animal-rights organization, using animals to test… (Smith, 2014).Generalizations and BiasesOne of the most common type of errors for writers is using generalizations and biases. A writer may directly orindirectly state a claim that implies that “everyone” in that category falls into that claim. This is a generalization.Incorrect: Kids who are spoiled grow up to be lazy.Correct: Many kids who are spoiled grow up to be lazy.Also correct: Often kids who are spoiled grow up to be lazy.By adding the word many or the often, the sentence isnow quali±ed rather than implying that all kids are this way. Following are more examples:
7/14/2016Writing with Purpose10/16Incorrect: All men need to learn how to better communicate.Correct: Many men need to learn how to bettercommunicate.Incorrect: Women enjoy talking.Correct: Most women enjoy talking.Incorrect: Americans need torecycle.Correct: In almost all instances, Americans should recycle on a regular basis. When revising an essay, checkfor generalizations and correct them with quali±ers, or rewrite those sentences.Bias is when a writer allows his or her personal opinions/views to cloud language or arguments. A thesis should beargumentative; however, those arguments should be written using logical appeal. When revising for bias, look forwords or sentences that seep into personal emotion, or where sources are from biased sources. For example, theword mankind attempts to refer to all humans; however, humankind, the human race, and humanity are lessgender-biased options.Conclusion Content and StyleAn essay conclusion should re-state the thesis in a unique way and leave readers with a critical concept or change tothink about, consider, and/or change their mind. When revising the conclusion:Avoid unnecessarily repeating information that does not need to be repeated.Avoid adding new information or support.Make sure the paragraph is not too underdeveloped or too long.Focus on “wrapping up” the essay in a memorable way.See if there are any genre-speci±c elements that may be useful in the conclusion.Essay Instruction RequirementsDuring revision it is important to check that all of the instructor’s speci±c essay requirements have been met. Thismight include:Word countNumber of sources requiredType of genre writtenWhether or not the use of ±rst person and personal examples are allowedPaper format and layoutIf graphics/visuals can or should be usedEditingEditing—or proofreading—is the process by which a writer looks for “small picture” items such as grammar andmechanics.Editing TipsSome of the best techniques to do ±rst include:Run the Microsoft Word spelling/grammar check. Write essays in Microsoft Word (since they are due in thisformat), and when arriving at the editing process, run the spelling/grammar check.
7/14/2016Writing with Purpose11/16Microsoft has many tutorials on its website that show how to use the spell-check function in MicrosoftWord.