Seven notably New York and Virginia favored with enormous acreage Angry at the

Seven notably new york and virginia favored with

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Seven, notably New York and Virginia, favored with enormous acreage.Angry at the ability for the seven to be able to sell the lands to pay off debt.C.Approval of the Articles of ConfederationUnanimous approval of the Articles of Confederation was needed.oMaryland held out until March 1, 1781.oGave in when New York surrendered western claimsCongress agreed to dispose of the lands for the “common benefit”oCreated a public domain of a number of “republican” states.oFully redeemed in the Norwest Ordinance of 1787.D.Central LandsLands transferred to central government made a bond of union.States had to be inside the Union to reap their share of the advantages of the land sales.Pioneers purchased farms from the federal government so they learned to look to the national capital.Uniform national land policy was made possible.VII.The Articles of Confederation: America’s First ConstitutionA.Articles of Confederation“Articles of Confusion”oA group of loosely bound states formed to try and solve common issues.
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oCongress to be the chief agency of government with no executive branch.B.Faulty Congress Each state had a single vote.Bills dealing with subjects of importance required the support of nine states.oAmendments of the Articles required unanimous ratification.oNever possible, might be fortunate that the republic could replace with an effective constitution.Congress designed to be weak because they feared of another Parliament.Congress had no power to regulate commerce.Congress couldn’t enforce its tax-collection program.Couldn’t command or coerce or control the independent states.C.Extent of Success?More advanced than any other constitutionAmerica needed not a loosely woven confederation but a tightly knit federation.oYielding by states to a completely recast federal government.Articles of Confederation outlined the general powers of government, such as making traties and establishing postal services.Kept alive the ideal of union. VIII.Landmarks in Land LawsA.Old NorthwestSucceeded in farsighted pieces of legislation.oOld Northwest, lands northwest of the Ohio River, easy of the Mississippi River, and south of the Great LakesB.Land Ordinances of 1785Acreage of the Old northwest should be sold and proceeds go to national debt.Area to be surveyed before sale and settlement.Divided into townships of six miles square into thirty six sections of one square mile each.Sixteenth section of each township was set aside to be sold for the benefit of the public schools.C.Northwest Ordinance of 1787How to deal with colonies?oTemporary tutelage, then permanent equalityTutelage: GuardianshipoTwo evolutionary territorial stages. Area subordinate to federal government then when there are sixty thousand inhabitants; it will be admitted as a state.
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