Describe the effects of the war on the home front in

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3. Describe the effects of the war on the “home front” in both the north and south.The SouthThe citizens of the South faced many of the same hardships as those of the North.When men left to go to war, women took up their duties on top of their own. Supplies wereshort, inflation was much more rampant than in the North, and long weeks passed withoutword from soldiers on the front line. Only about 10% of the population of the South lived incities and the cities were smaller than those in the North. Many of the jobs were similar tothose in the North—merchants, doctors, lawyers. Ports were busy shipping cotton around theworld and there were a few factories. When the men went to war, the women took overbusinesses as much as they could. They also formed sewing and knitting groups and took onnursing duties, as did the women of the North. For the southern women, supplies becameeven scarcer than in the North and many struggled to feed their families.The NorthThe North started the Civil War with big advantages over the South, especially interms of manufacturing power, food supplies, and number of people. Rail networks of morethan 22,000 miles carried shipments of food and equipment from farms to cities. Somefamilies became wealthy during the war. They usually were in businesses that manufacturedwar supplies. Accusations flew of poorly made supplies being sent to the army at exorbitantprices, but these people continued to build their wealth. Companies making munitions,uniforms, harness equipment, and boots could charge the government whatever price theywanted because the demand was so great. Once the war began, the mother might have to runthe family business on top of her other duties or manage the household on savings and thefather’s army pay. Women who did not have to run businesses or work banded together insewing circles and groups to make bandages and clothing for the troops. the women began
managing farms in addition to their household duties. Taxes were raised to provide money forthe war and the government also printed money. This caused inflation, an overall increase inthe North of about 80% over the course of the war. Necessary items, such as food, clothing,and coal, rose twice as fast as wages, causing strikes and strife between workers andemployers.
4. What were the advantages and disadvantages that both the north and south enjoyed?

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