How about the justice value The Paradox of Democracy John Locke saw government

How about the justice value the paradox of democracy

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How about the justice value ?? The Paradox of Democracy.John Locke saw government reflecting the will of the majority-that governmental decisions, policy should be based on the will of the majority. This is known as majority rule. The principle of majority rule has been criticised, one of the leading critics was Alexis de Tocqueville, who in his thesis Democracy in America warned of the dangers of tyranny of the majority. What if the majority seek laws that are inconsistent with the common good? Eg. If the majority decide to get rid of all the jews, The Nazis - the majority is not always right. The Nazis used force - but what if they had come to power through popular elections - in other words they were what the majority wanted. take rights away from gays, should we abide by the majority wishes or defend the principle of individual liberty - peoples natural rights. The more freedom the more fragile the system - Democracy is the most difficult political system to maintain, because of the freedom. How Democratic is the United States ???It is 200 years since the Founding Fathers created a republic a democracy, but do we have a democracy? Have we achieved a democratic government? 1. Who Governs in the United States - Government by the people?? Institutional Models of Democracy The Majoritarian Model of Democracy
Government by the people is government by the majority of the people. Majoritarians believe that we have a democracy as decisions are made by the majority. Decisions are made through elections. The majoritarian model contends that citizens can control their government if they have adequate mechanisms for popular participation - in other words - elections. Citizens control their elected officials by choosing wisely in the first place and then reelecting or not reelecting dependent on their performance. Thus democracy is achieved through majority will. Criticism- For this model to work we need to assume that people will vote and that they make an informed vote. This model assumes that citizens are knowledgeable about government and politics. The Pluralist viewFor many years political scientists have tried to reconcile the majoritarian model of democracy with polls that showed widespread ignorance of politics among the American people. With a little less than 50% of the people voting. In the 1950's a new theory or model emerged - one that is tailored to the limited knowledge and participation of the masses. It is based on teh concept of pluralism. Pluralism is the belief that Democratic ideals are achieved by society competing, bargaining, and compromising. Multiple organized groups, interest groups compete among each other to have their values met. Thus government by the people is interpreted to mean government by the people operating through competing interest groups. Democracy is achieved when many of these groups operating separately press their interests on government.

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