B Girls self interest balanced concern for the welfare of self and others B1

B girls self interest balanced concern for the

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II.B. Girls: self-interest balanced concern for the welfare of self and others B.1. Individual survival (me) B.2. Self-sacrifice (others) B.3. Equality (me and others) II.C. But, boys and girls are more similar than they are different. The theory over emphasizes Cognitive Development I. Jean Piaget I.A. Stage 1: Sensorimotor (0-2 yrs) A.1. 2 months on – memory for things 1.i. Kicking mobile moves A.2. Object permanence – things don’t disappear if cannot see them 2.i. 5 month old infants can reason about hidden objects i.a. Interactions with visible objects I.B. Stage 2: Preoperational (2-7 yrs) B.1. Egocentric thought: think the side of others B.2. Animism: don’t understand which objective is alive B.3. Transductive reasoning: don’t have logic order B.4. One concept at a time I.C. Early childhood (2-7yrs) C.1. Age 2 solitary play C.2. Between 2-5yrs parallel play C.3. By end of preoperational stage, cooperative play C.4. Stage when kids have imaginary friend I.D. Stage 3: Concrete operational (7-11 yrs) D.1. Reversibility: reverse argument 经经 D.2. Conservation: start to realize different shape but same volume 2.i. Which row of M&M has more, children choose the less but wilder row, 2.ii. Which row want to eat, children choose more. They don’t
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understand “more” 2.iii. Kids between 3 and 4.7 yrs can answer top question D.3. Decantation of thought: I.E. Stage 4: formal operational (11+) E.1. Abstract concepts: thought rather than objects E.2. Adolescent egocentrism 2.i. Imaginary audience: think everyone is watching them 2.ii. Personal fable: your life is so hard that others cannot imagine 2.iii. Hypocrisy: kids have rules that are different from adults, they give themselves free passes 2.iv. Pseudostupidity Emotional/Social Development I. Infancy (2 wks to 2yrs) I.A. Smiling (around 2mos) I.B. Anger (6-9 mos) I.C. Attachment (fully developed by 2yrs) I.D. Separation anxiety (6-9 mos) II. Adolescence II.A. Social A.1. Peers extremely important A.2. Distancing from parents II.B. Emotional B.1. Parent-child conflicts B.2. Mood changes B.3. Risky behavior
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Outline for class 15: Motivation and Emotion What is motivation? I. 2 types I.A. Biological motives (food, drink, warmth) A.1. Hunger A.2. Thirst I.B. Psychological motives B.1. Novel stimulation 1.i. Optimal arousal 1.ii. Yerkes-Dodson Law B.2. Affiliation B.3. Achievement 3.i. Mastery 3.ii. Performance approach 3.iii. Performance avoidance B.4. Opponent-Process Theory B.5. Intrinsic and extrinsic B.6. Maslow's Hierarchy Emotions Theories of Emotion I. James-Lange II. Cannon-Bard Theory III. Cognitive Theory
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Outline for class 16: Social psychology What is it? Groups I. Deindividuation I.A. When people are in the group but tend to feel anonymous and unidentifiable A.1. Lynch mobs A.2. Kitty Genovese: a woman who was beaten and starve to death. 38 people were watching but did nothing to help her 2.i. Diffusion of responsibility 经经经经经经 : other people there, more people there, less sense of responsibility 2.ii. Being a part of the group help to act 2.iii. Steps to help people iii.a. Notice an event iii.b. Interpret as an emergency iii.c.
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