2 million/ 2/3 of the city lived in these. Commercial Space (Skyscrapers) - The Chicago Fire of 1871 – lasted 2 -3 days in which 17000 destroyed buildings and killing 300 people. 100,000 is homeless now. Fire started because of a lamp breaking. Katherine o leary. Free land cleared up which leads up to skyscrapers. - The Home Insurance Building (1884) first skyscraper. Production of steel make it possible. Infrastructure Problems - Plumbing - Sanitation - Fire Danger
More Urban Issues Urban Transportation - Elevated railway first opened in NY. - Cable cars - Electric trolleys – replace cable cars - Subways built in boston 1897 - Suspension Bridges- make it eaisier to travel via bridge across rivers or lakes. - Brooklyn Bridge ( John A. Roebling tetnes killed him) 14 years to build. William bost Tweed. 30 men died while constructing. Late 19 th Century Violence - Southern violence - Old West- range wars. Lack of police force - Immigrants fighting
Life Improvements & Luxury Urban Corruption - Political Machines & Bosses - Tammany Hall & William M. “Boss” Tweed (served as a counsel men who like having power over NY politics. Beacomes force of tammine hall. Puts people on payroll so he wont get caught.law was on his side. Took 200 mil from hall.) - Thomas Nast is a cartoonist who produces cartoons to show williams corruption. Big because a lot of people coudnt
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- Spring '10
- History, The Land, late 19th century, William Jennings Bryan, Agrarian Revolt