Global business cultural analysis argentina 27

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Global Business Cultural Analysis: Argentina 27Educational System in Argentina With 96.2 percent able to read, Argentina has one of the highest literacy rates in the world, andthe second highest (after Uruguay) in the Spanish-speaking world. The country also has amongthe highest primary school enrollment rates in the world, with just under 100 percent. Argentinahas the highest percentage of university graduates in Latin America, with a rate of over threetimes the number of university students per 100,000 of Brazil or Mexico. Argentina has one ofthe more educated populations in Latin America, which is reflected in its large number of schoolsand a nearly universal literacy rate. Primary education is compulsory and free; secondary andhigher education is offered in free public schools and in private schools subsidized by the state.Higher education in Argentina was seriously hampered by the censorship and other strictures ofthe military government of 1976–83, but efforts to restore the system began after a civiliangovernment was returned to power. The National University of Córdoba, founded in 1613, is thenation’s oldest university, and the University of Buenos Aires, founded in 1821, is its largest.Other major national universities are at Mendoza, La Plata, Rosario, and San Miguel deTucumán. The National Technical University is located at Buenos Aires.Hofstede’s Dimensions of culture in ArgentinaPower Distance This dimension deals with the fact that all individuals in societies are not equal – it expresses theattitude of the culture towards these inequalities amongst us. Power Distance is defined as the
Global Business Cultural Analysis: Argentina 28extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a countryexpect and accept that power is distributed unequally.At a score of 49 Argentina sits on the low end of PDI rankings of – and thus far from the muchhigher values that characterizes all other Latin American countries (leaving aside Costa Rica).The sources of Argentina´s low score on this dimension is rooted in the migration waves thatreached the Rio de la Plata around the turn of the last century. Around 1900, approximately 6.5M. European immigrants entered Argentina. At about that time over 30 % of its inhabitants (andevery second in Buenos Aires) had been born abroad.In this society status should be underlined. Appearance is very important: the (dark) attire orsober tailleur, the valuable watch, an expensive hotel, these elements allow inferring about powerand facilitating the entrée. Individualism The fundamental issue addressed by this dimension is the degree of interdependence a societymaintains among its members. It has to do with whether people´s self-image is defined in termsof “I” or “We”.In Individualist societies people are supposed to look after themselves and theirdirect family only. In Collectivist society’s people belong to ‘in groups’ that take care of them inexchange for loyalty.

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