The proposal provides a basis for the evaluation of

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The proposal provides a basis for the evaluation of the work and demonstrates clearly that theresearcher know what he wants to do to arrive at the solution of the problems at hand.It affordshim also, a systematic plan or procedure to follow.There are various formats for the research proposal and it varies from Institution to Institution.However, most formats include the following:ABSTRACT:On a single, separate page, prepare a summary of the proposal to indicate its objectives andprocedures.IINTRODUCTION-Background-Purpose of the study-Statement of the problem-Significance of the study (Implications and Application)-Operational definition of terms-Assumptions of the study-Limitations of the study-Delimitations of the studyIITHEORETICAL FRAMEWORK OF THE STUDYIIIREVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE-Literature Review-Appraisal/Summary of Literature review.IVRESEARCH QUESTIONS AND HYPOTHESISVRESEARCH METHODOLOGY-Research Design-Subjects (Population and sample; sampling Technique)-Instruments (construction and administration)-Validity and reliability of Instrument-Method of data analysis
44-Statistical of Procedure to be usedVIBUDGET AND TIME SCHEDULEVIIREFERENCESBackground to the studyAfter choosing your research areas, there is need to give cogentreasons for deciding to work inthis area.This area is of extreme importance as it is the pillar upon which you will buildsubsequent work.You should advance adequate reasons for choosing the topic. If it was borneout of the shortcomings of previous work or to further knowledge in the area, you will need toexplain.You will need to think deeply on how your work and the previous ones will throw morelight on the problem area or lead to new knowledge.Background to the study cannot be treated with levity.It should discuss all the variables in thestudy and shed light on the problems and its nature.Purpose of the StudyThis is just a simple statement of what the concern of your research work is all about.It shouldbe stated in two or three sentences.It should not be a lengthy affair but straight to the point.Statement of the problemThe statement of the problem is usually a declarative statement which you must make early at thebeginning of your research.This section defines your intention and brings your work into focus.It clarifies outlines and limits the problem area.Thus, it must be good, clear, concise and statedearly in the proposal.You should avoid bringing elements of the background to the study into this section or attempt tojustify the work by stressing its significance here.A sentence or two should do the jobadequately, e.g.This study sought to:“determine the extend to which the mother tongue interferes with the learning of EnglishLanguage in schools”Significance of the StudyResearches are not trivial or superficial endeavours.You should be able to justify theimportance of your study in terms of its implications or possible applications to the generalpractice of education.

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