Tomorrow A Peaceful Path to Real Reform by Ebenezer Howard 1898 o Includes idea

Tomorrow a peaceful path to real reform by ebenezer

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“Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform” by Ebenezer Howard, 1898 o Includes idea of ‘Garden City’ o Argued that the problem with cities is its size o Said that people needed more access to nature o Idea was that people would come together and form collectives to buy pieces of land o There was a central city and then smaller cities around, separated by large areas (green belt) of green space Project Cite Industrielle by Tony Garnier, 1901-1904 o Argued that the problem is cities are not organized enough o Used the idea of zoning and separating where people live, work, and have fun o Wanted to reset the city so there were good places to live within the city instead of making new places to live Model Kitchen for Household without Help, Romerstadt Siedlung, Frankfurt, by Schutte- Lihotzky, 1927 o Use real knowledge and rationalization to make design o Wanted to support better life by reducing individual stress o Very similar to modern day idea of ergonomics Municipal Apartments in Vienna, 1925 o Based on Booth’s maps, it showed that a major problem was people were overcrowded o Solution was to create public housings for the poverty o Karl Marx Hof, Vienna, by Karl Ehn, 1926-1930 Was community housing
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Place to live, but some responsibilities were shared, such as cooking and child care Le Corbusier and his diagrams of the Domino House and the Modular o Wanted to reinforce the new ways of building to build faster o Everything about buildings should be proportioned to the human body o La Ville Radieuse by Le Corbusier, 1928-1946 Proposal for a city Based off his ideas of proportions and zoning; rationalized, systemized, organized the city through zoning, but to an extreme Could move through city on foot and vehicular circulation First time movement of people included in design of city Also wanted people to live in denser, higher buildings to leave more green space to interact with, earning it the name ‘Towers in the Park’ Translated the idea to Paris in the Plan Voisin, 1925 Frank Lloyd Wright o Usonian House- Jacobs House #1, Westmoreland, WI, 1936-1937 Combined the word American and Utopian Was his idea of what houses should be like Smaller, cheaper house for the poor Robie House, 1906-1909, was his actual idea at a larger scale o Designs for “Broadacre City” Argue that basis of American freedom, democracy is working the plot of land Houses would be on acre plots and the cities breaking it up People would travel from place to place by helicopter Would require completely rearranging the ownership of land Regions and Environment by Patrick Geddes o Made the clear argument that people needed to determine by what they did o Cities were to be a set size o Wanted the cities to be organized by what jobs people have Lewis Mumford and “The Culture of Cities”, 1936 o Created a timeline of past cities, and then suggest his idea was next on the timeline o Wanted to move away from cities, called the Fourth Migration o
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