Bladder this triangle shaped hollow organ is located

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BladderThis triangle-shaped, hollow organ is located in the lower abdomen. Itis held in place by ligaments that are attached to other organs and thepelvic bones. The bladder's walls relax and expand to store urine, andcontract and flatten to empty urine through the urethra. The typicalhealthy adult bladder can store up to two cups of urine for two to fivehours.Upon examination, specific "landmarks" are used to describe thelocation of any irregularities in the bladder. These are:•Trigone: a triangle-shaped region near the junction of the urethra andthe bladder•Right and left lateral walls: walls on either side of the trigone•Posterior wall: back wall•Dome: roof of the bladderTwo sphincter musclesThese circular muscles help keep urine from leaking by closing tightlylike a rubber band around the opening of the bladder.Nerves in the bladderThe nerves alert a person when it is time to urinate, or empty thebladder.UrethraThis tube allows urine to pass outside the body. The brain signals thebladder muscles to tighten, which squeezes urine out of the bladder. Atthe same time, the brain signals the sphincter muscles to relax to let
urine exit the bladder through the urethra. When all the signals occurin the correct order, normal urination occurs.PathophysiologyPredisposing Factors:Genetic ConditionHypertensionPhases of Chronic Renal FailureRelease of various cytokines that leads toHypertrophy andHyperplasiaImpaired Kidney functionGlomerulisuffers due to excessive demands which leads toincreased permeability andProteinuriaGlomeruli in the kidney experience a rise in pressure throughHyperfiltrationPrecipitating Factor:No physical activityUnhealthy food consumption(junk foods, noodles, soda andprocessed food)
IV.I ETIOLOGYThe two main causes of chronic kidney disease arediabetes and highblood pressure.Diabeteshappens when your blood sugar is too high, causing damage tomany organs in your body, including the kidneys and heart, as well as bloodvessels, nerves and eyes.High blood pressure, or hypertension, occurs when the pressure of yourblood against the walls of your blood vessels increases. If uncontrolled, orpoorly controlled, high blood pressure can be a leading cause of heartattacks, strokes and chronic kidney disease. Also, chronic kidney disease cancause high blood pressure.IV. SYMPTOMATOLOGYChronic kidney disease, commonly known as chronic kidney failure, ischaracterized by the progressive loss of renal function. Wastes and excessfluids are removed from your blood by your kidneys, which are subsequentlyexcreted as urine. Advanced chronic renal disease can lead to dangerouslyhigh amounts of fluid, electrolytes, and wastes in the body. You may haveminimal indications or symptoms in the early stages of chronic renal disease.

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Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags
Nephrology, Chronic Renal Failure

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