The conservancy status is rooted in regulations and

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design and technology has resulted in its receiving Conservancy status. The Conservancy status is rooted in regulations and guidelines set out by the Provincial Ezemvelo KwaZulu-Natal Wildlife Board. In order to maintain its Conservancy status, Marianhill must simply continue to abide by these regulations and guidelines. The Marianhill Landfill Conservancy will be operational for a total of approximately 25 years, by which time the area will be either wholly or partially rehabilitated (unlike most other landfills where rehabilitation would normally start at the end of the lifespan of the landfill). Marianhill is also sustainable as a conservation area because it is linked to other green areas. The cost of operating the landfill is no more than that of conventional projects, a point of concern raised by the City Treasurer and Councillors before the initiation of the project. In addition to cost savings on rehabilitation and reducing pressure on municipal services (e.g., sewer system), the additional benefits to the environment cannot be priced. The key elements of the success of the Marianhill Landfill Conservancy include its strong and lasting partnerships, its ability to find multiple sources of funding and the fact that it is driven by government, proving that the public sector can deliver services in an environmentally friendly manner. Marianhill is also on the cutting edge of environmentalism in waste management as a result of extensive consultations with international partners and experts in the planning and implementation of the project.
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The initiative takes the concept of a landfill, which people perceived as “disgusting” and something to avoid, and turns it into a beautiful place that is an asset to the community. The Tropical Forest Trust (TFT) manages a unique project of participatory resource and cultural mapping covering over 1.3 million hectares of forest in the Republic of Congo, which are home to around 9,000 indigenous forest people. The forests are managed for sustainable timber production by Congolaise Industrielle des Bois (CIB), under a concession agreement with the Congolese Government. Historically, indigenous forest people have been excluded from decision-making and development processes resulting in political and economic disenfranchisement. The project’s objectives are to move CIB’s operations towards sustainability and respect and include indigenous people in CIB’s forest management plans. These objectives conform to FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) Principles and Criteria stipulating the genuine and intimate inclusion of indigenous people in sustainable forest management plans. The main challenges encountered during the project’s implementation included locating and communicating with 9,000 semi-nomadic people in 1.3 million hectares of forest with no existing methods. The projects’ main priorities were to design a community- based mapping system to help forest people and CIB overcome communication barriers
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