The passage expounds on the superiority of a junziover a despotic ruler.c) The passage explains the causal relationship between poor leadership and the loss of Heaven's Mandate.d) The passage explains how punishments, while necessary, do not have the same impact on social order as virtue and rituals.
Question 31 / 1point"Humaneness may make one shed tears and be reluctant to apply penalties, but law makes it clear that such penalties must be applied. The ancient kings allowed law to be supreme and did not give in to their tearful longings. Hence, it is obvious that humaneness cannot be used to achieve order in the state."Source: Translated by Burton Watson in Wm. Theodore de Bary and Irene Bloom, eds., Sources of Chinese Tradition(rev. ed.). (1999).New York: Columbia University Press.Significance: