The passage expounds on the superiority of a junzi

This preview shows page 2 - 3 out of 4 pages.

Week 4 Quiz 2 Review of Classic Texts.docx ASTD 284

The passage expounds on the superiority of a junzi over a despotic ruler c The from ASTD 284 at University of Maryland, University College

Question 1   / 1 4 point " Goodness is to human nature like flowing downward is to water . There are no people who are not good and no water that does not flow down . Still , water , if splashed , can go higher than your head ; if forced it can be brought up a hill . This
a ) The passage suggests that only the virtuous man , who represents the natural flow of water , possesses goodness .
b ) The passage suggests that human nature can be altered in the same manner that water can be forced up a hill or splashed .
c ) The passage suggests that human nature changes according to circumstance .
d ) The passage indicates that all humans possess an inherent , ingrained goodness , which is as natural as the flow of water .
The passage expounds on the superiority of a junziover a despotic ruler.c) The passage explains the causal relationship between poor leadership and the loss of Heaven's Mandate.d) The passage explains how punishments, while necessary, do not have the same impact on social order as virtue and rituals.
Question 31 / 1point"Humaneness may make one shed tears and be reluctant to apply penalties, but law makes it clear that such penalties must be applied. The ancient kings allowed law to be supreme and did not give in to their tearful longings. Hence, it is obvious that humaneness cannot be used to achieve order in the state."Source: Translated by Burton Watson in Wm. Theodore de Bary and Irene Bloom, eds., Sources of Chinese Tradition(rev. ed.). (1999).New York: Columbia University Press.Significance:

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture