The next segment describes what each cohesive device is and how it works.
Transition from old information to new
Also known as ‘old-to-new’ technique, this device links an idea in the new (i.e.
second) sentence to that in the earlier sentence.
Look at the two examples below. Which one shows cohesion between the
Joanna will be presenting at tomorrow’s seminar. Every junior member of the team
must report what they have achieved in the last 3 months.
Joanna will be presenting at tomorrow’s seminar. The session will be attended by all
junior members of the team, who will report what they have achieved in the last 3
You are right if your answer is Example 2. In this example, the idea in the
new (i.e. second) sentence follows from that in the earlier sentence.
To use this technique, begin a sentence with information that is known, or
familiar, to the reader and end it with information that is unknown, or new,
to the reader.
Here are two more examples illustrating this technique.
At the end of 5 minutes, the students recorded their observations. The findings were
not what they had expected.
Last year, the electronics industry attracted 850 engineering graduates. Many of
these students had topped their class at the local universities and polytechnics.
In Example 3, the ‘new’ information at the end of the first sentence
) becomes known information at the beginning of the second
). The ideas in the two sentences are thus linked. The same
technique is used in Example 4.