The devices used are repetition popcorn and

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Successful Project Management
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Chapter 3 / Exercise 4
Successful Project Management
Clements/Gido
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The devices used are repetition ( popcorn and variations of you ), reference word ( it ) and summary word ( ingredient for ‘salt, honey or spice’). As you can see, when cohesive devices are used appropriately, they help you, the reader, to move easily from sentence to sentence, or from paragraph to paragraph. Therefore, when you revise for cohesion, consider how you have used the following devices: transition from old information to new thematic consistency
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Successful Project Management
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Chapter 3 / Exercise 4
Successful Project Management
Clements/Gido
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89 reference words summary words repetition parallel constructions lexical ties transition signals The next segment describes what each cohesive device is and how it works. Transition from old information to new Also known as ‘old-to-new’ technique, this device links an idea in the new (i.e. second) sentence to that in the earlier sentence. Look at the two examples below. Which one shows cohesion between the sentences? Example 1: Joanna will be presenting at tomorrow’s seminar. Every junior member of the team must report what they have achieved in the last 3 months. Example 2: Joanna will be presenting at tomorrow’s seminar. The session will be attended by all junior members of the team, who will report what they have achieved in the last 3 months. You are right if your answer is Example 2. In this example, the idea in the new (i.e. second) sentence follows from that in the earlier sentence. To use this technique, begin a sentence with information that is known, or familiar, to the reader and end it with information that is unknown, or new, to the reader. Here are two more examples illustrating this technique. Example 3: At the end of 5 minutes, the students recorded their observations. The findings were not what they had expected. Example 4: Last year, the electronics industry attracted 850 engineering graduates. Many of these students had topped their class at the local universities and polytechnics. In Example 3, the ‘new’ information at the end of the first sentence ( observations ) becomes known information at the beginning of the second sentence ( findings ). The ideas in the two sentences are thus linked. The same technique is used in Example 4. Thematic consistency
90 Before we consider what thematic consistency is, let us be clear about the term ‘theme’. The theme of a sentence is also known as the topic (or main idea) of the sentence. The topic of a sentence is also the subject of the sentence, i.e. the element that is usually at the beginning of the sentence. For example: Ahkbar wants a new computer. He will go to the store tomorrow to get one. But he is unsure which model suits him best. So, he has asked me to help him. In this example, Ahkbar is in subject position in all the sentences. In other words, the sentences are about Ahkbar getting a new computer.

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