InGeorgia,women's representation through proportional listshasbeenincreasing. For example, in the 2012election, 14percent ofthe seats wonby women came through the proportional list,a4percent increase sincethe previous election (Bagratia2013).Lessbeneficial towomen isthe sin-gle constituency majoritarian system, in which parties tend to choose astheir candidate an authority in the society-someone with a good rep-utation and access to finances. This leaves less chance for women to beThe Election Systemmethod bywhich dis rimination111the(j'IdofpoliLics('IIIIll'l'lInlilli)ll'd,and nor does itsuggest that political parti sshould be r'gullli 'd.The 2009Organic Law on Political Unions of Citizenscstsblished Ihudefinition,rights, and duties ofpoliticalparties inGeorgia.Twoyearslater,an amendment to the law was introduced, providing financial incentivestoimplement voluntary measures toincrease femaleparticipation inpolit-icallife. Politicalparties areeligiblefora30percent increase infunding as-suming they include atleast the same percentage ofwomen among everyten candidates in proportional lists (Parliament of Georgia 2009).How-ever, the goal of incentivizing political parties to include more womenin proportional lists has not been met. In 2012,some political parties didapply this measure and yet did not address low female representation intheir parties. Variousexperts argue that thefinancialincentive isnot anef-fectivemeasure insolving the issue oflow femalepolitical representation(Bagratia2013;Chkheidze 2014;Pataraia 2015).Although the government ofGeorgia has adopted asignificant gendere~ual~typolicy,implementation of these policies by the state is lacking.Smcemdependence, women remain underrepresented inpolitical partiesbecause ofthe deeply gendered election process. Domestic legislation hasnot been adequately informed by gender analysis nor included specificgender features, which would goalong way inensuring gender isabasisforand integral towomen's participation inevery field.
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