Constipation fever and abdominal pain are common Mesenteric ischemia

Constipation fever and abdominal pain are common

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Diverticulitis is caused by localized infections within the colonic diverticula. Constipation, fever, and abdominal pain are common. Mesenteric ischemia classically presents in older people with a history of vascular disease elsewhere. The typical pain is unusual in that it is not made worse by examination despite being severe. Some mistake this feature to indicate malingering, with bad results. 7.A 77-year-old retired bus driver comes to your clinic for a physical examination at his wife's request. He has recently been losing weight and has felt very fatigued. He has had no chest pain, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, or fever. His past medical history includes colon cancer, for which he had surgery, and arthritis. He has been married for over 40 years. He denies any tobacco or drug use and has not drunk alcohol in over 40 years. His parents both died of cancer in their 60s. On examination his vital signs are normal. His head, cardiac, and pulmonary examinations are unremarkable. On abdominalexamination you hear normal bowel sounds, but when you palpate his liver it is abnormal. His rectal examination is positive for occult blood.What further abnormality of the liver was likely found on examination? 8.A 26-year-old sports store manager comes to your clinic, complaining of severe right-sided abdominal pain for 12 hours. He began having a stomachache yesterday, with a decreased appetite, but today the pain seems to be just on the lower right side. He has hadsome nausea and vomiting but no constipation or diarrhea. His last bowel movement was last night and was normal. He has had no fever or chills. He denies any recent illnesses orinjuries. His past medical history is unremarkable. He is engaged. He denies any tobacco or drug use and drinks four to six beers per week. His mother has breast cancer and his father has coronary artery disease. On examination he appears ill and is lying on his right side. His temperature is 100.4 and his heart rate is 110. His bowel sounds are decreased and he has rebound and involuntary guarding, one third of the way between the anterior superior iliac spine and the umbilicus in the right lower quadrant. His rectal, inguinal, prostate, penile, and testicular examinations are normal.What is the most likely cause of his pain? Page 4
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