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The point of utilitarianism is that each individual

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The point of utilitarianism is that each individual must be taken into account, because each individual is capable of experiencing happiness Greatest Happiness Principle – says that the action we ought to perform in a given situation is the one that promotes the greatest happiness Mill claims that what people ultimately want is their own happiness Premise doesn’t follow because even if someone ultimately desires his or her own happiness, it doesn’t follow that the most desirable thing is for the person to have his or her desires satisfied Reciprocal illumination – our judgments about specific cases can influence how we regard a theory, and our views about a theory can affect our judgments about specific cases According to the brain-in-the-vat hypothesis, your brain now rests in a vat filled with a liquid that keeps it alive. It is hooked up to a giant computer, whose electrical impulses furnish you with a rich stream of experiences. These impulses generate the illusion that you have a body and that you are having sensory contact with the external world. Mill thought that Socrates was capable of enjoying “higher” pleasures, whereas the fool could only experience “lower” pleasures Higher pleasures derive from exercising higher mental abilities (such as abstract reasoning) Lower pleasures come from using mental abilities that are lower (such as sensation) Hedonistic utilitarianism says that the right action is the one that maximizes pleasure and minimizes pain
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