They extracted some small revenue from england yearly

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They extracted some small revenue from England yearly. Strict patronize from the papacy. - King nominates bishops and Pope approves. Which means the bishops answer to Pope and also to an extent, the King. - There were 22 Bishops in England the senior is the Archbishop of Canterbury. Canterbury is closer to London and therefore more influence and information for the king. Often the Archbishop of Canterbury also often held the office of Lord Chancellor, second to the king. Lord Chancellor is responsible for the King’s seal. The second was Archbishop of York, not as influential. - Bishops automatically held a seat in the House of Lords. Bishops collected the income from property owned by the church. Therefore the larger a bishop’s diesis, the more profit from the land. Wealth of the Bishop was dependant on the income they collected. - The next level of church official was the Mitred Abbots. They also have seats in the House of Lords. They were over the Monasteries and profited from the monastic income which were usually very wealthy. - Monasteries “elect” the abbots but the King’s opinion was very much considered. - All men except for the Nuns. - 80% of Clergy had only elementary education. Most were educated in monasteries. Go from school to monastic order. Movement in church was provided by patronage. - Parish Clergy: - Rector: receives all tithes, and have life tenure - Vicar: has tenure, receives a stipend, but no tithes - Curate: no tenure, receives stipend, conducts chantry and mass.
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- Illogical church patronage. Monasteries could appoint vicar and other clergy to a parish. Some landowners could appoint clergy b/c they own the land where the parish is located. - Bishops were almost always university educated. Most successful bishops had administrative posts. - Henry VII appointed 33 bishops and at least 25 had degrees, most in Law. - Henry encouraged bishops to come to court and were involved in politics.
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