of the system and reducing inventory needs. As manufacturers integrate Internet-basedcustomer ordering with just-in-time manufacturing systems, scheduling becomes even moreprecise. More manufacturers are collaborating with their suppliers to create integrated supplychains. The net effect is that manufacturers have been squeezing slack and inefficiencies outof the entire production system, enabling companies to produce more products with feweremployees. So, in America and much of Europe, manufacturing jobs are down, and servicejobs up.
107) What is human resource management? What competencies are necessary for HRmanagers to succeed in today's business environment? Explain your answer in a brief essay. Answer: Human resource management is the process of acquiring, training, appraising, andcompensating employees, and of attending to their labor relations, health and safety, andfairness concerns. Strategizing, internal consulting, and dealing with outside vendors andtechnology call for new human resource management competencies. Modern HR managersneed to be talent managers, culture and change stewards, strategy architects, operationalexecutors, business allies, and credible activists. Of course, human resource managers stillneed skills in areas such as employee selection, training, and compensation. 108) What is evidence-based human resource management? How does evidence-basedhuman resource management benefit firms? 109) What ethical issues relate to human resource management? Provide an example toillustrate your answer.
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