The need for preventive drugs and vaccines in global cancer

Tive of wtos members right to protect public health

Info icon This preview shows pages 6–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
tive of WTO’s members’ right to protect public health and, in particular, to promote access to medicines for full. All parties seem to accept that a country can compulsory license a product on public health grounds if they produce that product in their own country. But if a country does not produce the drug but imports it, because the country is small or poor, then the more powerful countries will decide which conditions apply. This situation is clearly discriminatory. Any progress has been further stalled by the US Government’s decision to block the draft plan agreed by all other WTO members. The impasse rests on the definition of what con- stitutes a public health emergency, which would allow developing countries compulsory licensing and parallel importing of patented medicines ( The Lancet , 2003). References Bosch, F.X. et al. 1995: Prevalence of human papillomavirus in cervical cancer: a worldwide perspective. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 87, 796 ¡ / 802. Correa, P. et al. 2000: Chemoprevention of gastric dysplasia: randomized trial of antioxidant supplements and anti- Helicobacter pylori therapy. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 92, 1881 ¡ / 88. Gail, M.H. et al . 1999: Weighing the risks and bene®ts of tamoxifen treatment for preventing breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 91, 1829 ¡ / 46. Preventive drugs and vaccines in cancer control H Vainio 89
Image of page 6

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Greenwald, P. 2002: Cancer prevention clinical trials. Journal of Clinical Oncology 20, 14S ¡ / 22S. Holcombe, C. 1992: Helicobacter pylori : the African enigma. Gut 33, 429 ¡ / 31. International Agency for Research on Cancer. 2001: Biennial Report 2000/2001. Lyon: IARC, 82 ¡ / 82. International Agency for Research on Cancer. 2003: Vainio, H. and Bianchini, F. editors, Fruit and vegetables , Volume 8, IARC Handbooks of Cancer Prevention . Lyon: IARC Press (in press). Imperiale, T.F. 2003: Aspirin and the prevention of colorectal cancer. New England Journal of Medicine 348, 879 ¡ / 80. Koutsky, L.A. et al. 2002: A controlled trial of human papillomavirus type 16 vaccine. New England Journal of Medicine 347, 1645 ¡ / 51. The Lancet. 2003: The casualties of war. The Lancet 361, 1065. Love, R. 2001: Chemoprevention with tamoxifen: known bene®ts and toxicity. In Tobias, J.S., Houghton, J. and Henderson, I.C. editors. Breast cancer . London: Arnold, 133 ¡ / 56. Ponten, J. et al . 1995: Strategies for global control of cervical cancer. International Journal of Cancer 60, 1 ¡ / 26. Sporn, M.B. and Suh, N. 2002: Chemoprevention: an essential approach to controlling cancer. Nature Reviews. Cancer 2, 537 ¡ / 43. Vainio, H., Morgan, G. and Elwood, P. 2002: The public health potential of aspirin. Pharmacologyand Toxicology 91, 49 ¡ / 50. Widdus, R. 2001: Public-private partnerships for health: their main targets, their diversity, and their future directions. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 71, 713 ¡ / 20. World Health Organization. 2000: Murray, C.J.L. and Lopez, A.D. editors. The global burden of disease ¡ / a comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability from diseases, injuries, and risk factors in 1990 and projected to 2020 . Global Burden of Disease and Injury Series.
Image of page 7
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern