100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 8 - 11 out of 65 pages.
demonstrated to other Europeans that coercive methods were important to maintain control September 14th, 2018Puritan Settlement in New England (Massachusetts)PilgrimsAmerican idealindependent, god fearing1630“a city upon a hill” – godly city, John ****pilgrims wanted to establish godly coloniespuritans wanted to establish new life, mew religious colonieseveryone involved with everyone’s lifeMassachusetts Colonyself-governing through the churchmen in the church elect ministersaints:only real members of churchyou had to speak in front of entire group of your religious awakening1635Rodger Williams: funds providence due to opposition of Boston religious extensionAnne Hutchison: hereticoChurch more restrictive Economic IssuesMerchants wanted to make money for social mobilityChurch saw this as greedFrequent conflictGovernment wanted to control prices of manufactured goods55% of adult white males could vote in NE vs 30% in old England
nuclear family controlled by man was backbone of societyromantic + sexual within a marriage women had no legal status oessentially words of menKing Phillipsnative Americans vs puritans40% of NE natives die2 houses of legislativeostill to this dayThe ChesapeakeMaryland + VirginiaMarylandgranted to lord Baltimore, who was catholicmeant for Catholics religious tensions mostly protestantsdominated by tobacco September 17th, 2018Colonizationthe culture of Tobacco (drives economy)oupper to deep southNE farms: agricultural substances, family labourocommunity tiesChesapeake:strong religious or community tiestobacco plantations, ideal locations (water) and large labour forcetidewater eliteBacon’s Rebellionelected to exterminate native Americansturn on gov. burn JamestownSmall farmers, alienated by large plantation ownersSocial rebellionoClass tensionsMass importation of indentured servants Increasing imports of African SlavesAfrican Slaves: lifelong service – children inherit slave status1705: legally classified by skin colour
cheaper than indentured servicesource for life and their kidsClass tensionslaves became labour forceless indentured servant means less men to demand economic opportunity from elitesCaribbean – Carolinasugarolabour intensive workoJmali Darmers can’t compete more to mainlandRiceAfricans know how to makeSlaves make up a majority populationOwners use fear and brutality to keep slaves in checkSeptember 19th, 2018* notes will be posted this week *September 21st, 2018*CLASS CANCELLED TODAY*September 24th, 2018Colonial society EconomyMercantilismoMother country betters its economy by exporting raw materials from colonies manufacturing goods and selling them back to coloniesNavigation artoOnly ship govs. On ships that were British with ¾ of crew British (including colonials)o