Figure21 ethiopian road map in the context of

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Figure.2.1. Ethiopian Road MapIn the context of Ethiopia’s geography, pattern of settlement and economic activity, transportplays a vital role in facilitating economic development. In particular, it is road transport that
Comparative Analysis on Factors Affecting Performance of Local and International Contractors in Road Projects Administeredby Ethiopian Roads AuthorityAAiT School of Civil and Environmental EngineeringAzeb Getahun HailuPage 41provides the means for the movement of people, utilization of land and natural resources,improved agricultural production and marketing, access to social services, and opportunities forsustainable growth.Recognizing the importance of the road transport in supporting social and economic growth andits role as a catalyst to meet poverty reduction targets, the Government of Ethiopia has placedincreased emphasis on improvement of the quality and size of road infrastructure in the country.To address constraints in the road sector, mainly low road coverage and poor condition of theroad network the Government formulated the Road Sector Development Program (RSDP) in1997.The RSDP has been implemented over a period of fifteen years and in four separate phases, asfollows:RSDP I - Period from July 1997 to June 2002 (5 year plan)RSDP II - Period July 2002 to June 2007 (5 year plan)RSDP III - Period July 2007 to June 2010 (3 year plan)RSDP IV - Period July 2010 to June 2015 (5 year plan)Over fifteen years of RSDP physical works consisting of rehabilitation and upgrading of trunkand link, construction of new link main access roads, construction of rural roads and communityroads and maintenance of federal and regional road has been carried out by ERA, RRAs, weredaroad desks, the community and municipalities. Also over fifteen years of RSDP series of policyand institutional reforms have been implemented in the sector. Government of Ethiopia has beenmajor financer of RSDP followed by the Road Fund Office. Donors have supported RSDP in thepast fifteen years including the World Bank, European Union, ADB, NDF, BADEA, OFID, theGovernments of Japan, Germany, U.K. and Ireland. The Saudi Fund for Development, theKuwait Fund and the Government of China has also joined the financing partnership since RSDPII. The recent partner which joined this effort is Abu Dhabi Fund.An assessment of contribution of finance to the implementation of the RSDP shows that 75.4%came from internal sources (the Government, the Road Fund and the Community). Theremaining 24.6% has been pooled from the international community. Specifically, the share of
Comparative Analysis on Factors Affecting Performance of Local and International Contractors in Road Projects Administeredby Ethiopian Roads AuthorityAAiT School of Civil and Environmental EngineeringAzeb Getahun HailuPage 42the Government of Ethiopia is the highest (63.4%), followed by Road Fund (10.3%), the IDA(9.2%) and EU (6.2%). The overall disbursement over 15 years of RSDP is about Birr 108,462.2million (USD 6380.3 million).

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Term
Fall
Professor
Karen Rucker
Tags
Project Management, Ethiopian Roads Authority, road projects, international contractors, AAiT School of Civil and Environmental Engineering

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